Vol. 14 (2009): El maestro
Experiencias Educativas

Comunidades de Práctica en la Red: Indicadores y Condiciones para su Desarrollo.

Publicado octubre 19, 2015

Palabras clave:

Aprendizaje en red, aprendizaje colaborativo, comunidades de prácticas, comunidades de aprendizaje, comunidades virtuales, practicum.

Resumen

Las prácticas curriculares de los estudiantes universitarios son una oportunidad para el desarrollo de procesos de aprendizaje realmente significativos dado que se parte de problemas o casos reales que surgen en su centro de prácticas. En este sentido, los rasgos que identifican el concepto de comunidad de prácticas nos hacen sospechar de su utilidad como eslabón entre la escuela y el entorno laboral, y de si son un recurso idóneo para aprovechar las oportunidades didácticas que ofrecen dichos periodos de prácticas. Sin embargo, todas las comunidades de aprendizaje no resultan eficaces en el desarrollo de sus tareas, sin llegar apenas a ser algo más que un grupo de personas inscrito en un mismo curso y que dispone de un espacio en Internet en el que sólo algunas de ellas se comunican. En esta investigación, partimos de la aplicación de un proyecto de intervención basado en la explotación de la plataforma de teleformación WebCT para el trabajo colaborativo, sobre un grupo de alumnos que está en periodo de prácticas curriculares. Tras la aplicación de la experiencia evaluamos el alcance de los factores que caracterizan a las comunidades de prácticas. Finalmente, a través de procedimientos analíticos específicos tratamos de corroborar la influencia que ejercen determinados factores sobre la constitución y desarrollo de comunidades de prácticas en su estricto sentido.

 

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