Vol. 26 (2015): Educación infantil
Monográfico

Efectos del apego seguro y el riesgo psicosocial en los problemas infantiles interiorizados y exteriorizados / Effects of secure attachment and psychosocial risk in children's internalizing and externalizing problems

José Javier Moya Arroyo
Universidad Nacional de Educación a Distancia
Purificación Sierra García
Universidad Nacional de Educación a Distancia
Carolina del Valle
Universidad Nacional de Educación a Distancia
Miguel Ángel Carrasco Ortiz
Universidad Nacional de Educación a Distancia
Publicado octubre 27, 2015

Palabras clave:

seguridad del apego, contexto de riesgo psicosocial, ajuste psicológico

Resumen

El apego seguro al cuidador principal es un promotor del desarrollo. El objetivo del estudio fue explorar el papel moderador y/o mediador del apego dentro de un modelo de relaciones entre el contexto psicosocial de los niños y su ajuste psicológico. La muestra estaba compuesta por dos grupos equivalentes: uno de riesgo psicosocial procedente de un centro tutelado de menores de la Comunidad de Madrid (n=30; 60% varones) y otro grupo de niños provenientes de un entorno familiar normativo (n=30; 58% varones). La edad media en ambos grupos fue de 5.45 años. Nuestros resultados sugieren el papel del apego como un potencial mecanismo explicativo de las relaciones entre riesgo psicosocial y problemas de ajuste en los niños. Se discuten las implicaciones teóricas y prácticas de estos resultados.

 

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