Vol. 18 Núm. 2 (2020): Investigación para Transformar y Mejorar la Educación
Artículos

Creencias Epistemológicas de Estudiantes de Secundaria en la Aceptación y Uso de Facebook

Mario Armando Cartagena-Beteta
Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, Espanha
Publicado marzo 9, 2020

Palabras clave:

Creencia, Epistemología, Redes sociales, Informática educativa, Educación religiosa, Investigación pedagógica.

Resumen

Las creencias de los alumnos para efectos de aprendizaje, evolucionan con su edad y experiencias; lo que permite explicar la aceptación y uso de un medio didáctico-tecnológico. De esta manera, se buscó: comprender la relación entre las creencias epistemológicas y la aceptación y uso de Facebook y describir las categorías finales que constituyen las creencias epistemológicas de los estudiantes en sus experiencias de aprendizaje con la red social en cuestión. Se aplicó un enfoque fenomenográfico a partir de entrevistas semiestructuradas y en profundidad. La muestra estuvo constituida por 10 estudiantes de secundaria, quienes desarrollaron actividades de aprendizaje en Facebook a lo largo del año lectivo 2018. Los resultados indican que las creencias de los estudiantes respecto de las posibilidades de aprendizaje en el entorno de la página de Facebook “Entorno Virtual de Religión” constituyen predictores válidos para su aceptación y uso en el área de educación religiosa. En efecto, se identificó que la facilidad, el tiempo invertido, la influencia social, así como los beneficios académicos y de aprendizaje constituyen las creencias de los alumnos para aceptar y usar la página en cuestión. Se sugiere realizar estudios similares bajo un paradigma mixto con diseños transversales y/o longitudinales, en orden a fortalecer el marco teórico de la integración curricular de las TIC.

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