Comprendiendo el potencial y los desafíos del Big Data en las escuelas y la educación

Arnon Hershkovitz, Giora Alexandron

Resumen


En los últimos años, el mundo ha experimentado una gran revolución centrada en la recopilación y aplicación de Big Data en varios campos. Esto ha afectado muchos aspectos de nuestra vida diaria, incluidos el gobierno, la manufactura, el comercio, la salud, la comunicación, el entretenimiento y muchos más. Hasta ahora, la educación se ha beneficiado muy poco de la revolución del Big Data. En este manuscrito, revisamos el potencial de los grandes datos en el contexto de los sistemas educativos. Dichos datos pueden incluir archivos de registro extraídos de entornos de aprendizaje en línea, mensajes en foros de discusión en línea, respuestas a preguntas abiertas, calificaciones en diversas tareas, información demográfica y administrativa, discurso, notas escritas a mano, ilustraciones, gestos y movimientos, señales neurofisiológicas, ojo movimientos, y muchos más. Al analizar estos datos, es posible calcular una amplia gama de mediciones del proceso de aprendizaje y apoyar a diversos interesados educativos con una toma de decisiones informada. Ofrecemos un marco para una mejor comprensión de cómo se pueden utilizar los grandes datos en la educación. El marco comprende varios elementos que deben abordarse en este contexto: definición de los datos; formulación de aparatos de recolección y almacenamiento de datos; análisis de datos y la aplicación de productos de análisis. Además, revisamos algunas oportunidades clave y algunos desafíos importantes del uso de Big Data en la educación.


Palabras clave


toma de decisiones; procesamiento electrónico de datos; ayuda para enseñar; Administración educacional

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15366/tp2020.35.002

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DOI prefix: 10.15366/tp

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