Educação para a Criatividade em Adolescentes: Uma Experiência com Future Problem Solving Program Internacional

Ivete Azevedo, Maria de Fátima Morais, Fernanda Martins

Resumen


Os contornos atuais reforçam a importância da educação criatividade intencional, particularmente no contexto escolar. Neste contexto, a adolescência também tem drivers específicos para este tipo de educação sistemática. Enquanto isso, a promoção das competências criativas é legitimada pela investigação. Este estudo examinou os efeitos de um programa de intervenção aplicada a (Future Problem Solving International Program) internacionalmente em adolescentes portugueses. Este programa desenvolve competências de questões criativas de resolução de problemas relacionados com o futuro. Participaram 131 alunos do ensino secundário, dos 12 aos 15 anos. Chegou a um grupo experimental (N = 67) e um grupo controle (N = 64) e foi avaliado tanto nos dois momentos de teste pré e pós. A implementação do programa durou sete meses no contexto formal e avaliação o TTCT- Torrance Tests of Creative Thinking. Os resultados indicam benefícios estatisticamente significativos do grupo experimental em várias habilidades criativas em um índice de criatividade global e fortalecimento da resolução criativa de problemas (inovação/adaptação) estilos. Os dados são analisados no contexto de outros estudos e as possibilidades futuras desta pesquisa são apresentados. 

Palabras-Clave: Criatividade, Educação, Resolução de problemas, Adolescência. 


Education for Creativity in Adolescents: An Experience with the Future Problem Solving Program International

The actuality highlight the importance of a purposeful education to creativity, particularly in the school context. In this context, adolescence also comes up with reinforcing specificities for such systematic education. For its part, the promotion of creative skills has been legitimized by the research. This study analyzed the effects of an intervention program internationally applied (Future Problem Solving Program International) in Portuguese adolescents. That program improves the creative problem solving skills considering global issues with a future perspective. Participants were 131 students from the Junior High School, (from 12 to 15 years old). It was considered an experimental group (N = 67) and a control one (N = 64) and both were evaluated in the pre and the posttest moments. The implementation of the program lasted seven months in extracurricular context and the evaluation used the TTCT - Torrance Tests of Creative Thinking. The results indicate gains statistically significant in the experimental group in several creative skills, in the global index of creativity, also indicating an enhancement of creative solving problem styles (innovation/adaptation). These data are discussed in the context of other studies and it is pointed future developments for this research. 

Keywords: Creativity, Education, Problem solving, Adolescence.

 


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Referencias


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15366/reice2017.15.2.004

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