Núm. 28 (2020)
Artículos

La evolución de Hezbolá como movimiento social: de ‘liberador’ a contrarrevolucionario (1985 – 2019).

Itxaso Dominguez de Olazabal
Universidad Autónoma de MadridFundación Alternativas
Biografía
Nasra: once a no man'sland
Publicado junio 29, 2020

Palabras clave:

Hezbolá, movimiento social, framing, Siria, ‘Primavera Árabe’,
Cómo citar
Dominguez de Olazabal, I. (2020). La evolución de Hezbolá como movimiento social: de ‘liberador’ a contrarrevolucionario (1985 – 2019). Revista De Estudios Internacionales Mediterráneos, (28), 1-24. https://doi.org/10.15366/reim2020.28.001

Resumen

Este artículo recurre a la teoría de los movimientos sociales y los llamados procesos de encuadre (framing) para probar que el comportamiento y acciones de Hezbolá frente a los levantamientos que comenzaron a final de 2010 no se han fundamentado en sus principios ideológicos, sino que la organización ha actuado como un movimiento pragmático guiado por sus necesidades estratégicas. Hezbolá apoyó sin ambages los levantamientos que encendieron la chispa de la llamada ‘Primavera Árabe’ en Túnez, Egipto, Libia, Yemen y Bahréin, dirigidos contra regímenes hostiles a Nasrallah y los suyos, recurriendo a un encuadre completamente alineado con su ideología, pero se vio obligada a contradecir sus principios ideológicos cuando el levantamiento estalló contra un régimen cuya supervivencia era vital para su propia existencia. 

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