Núm. 47 (2021): Ecología-Mundo, Capitaloceno y Acumulación Global - Parte 2
Firma invitada

Del gran abaratamiento a la gran implosión. Clase, clima y la Gran Frontera

Jason W. Moore
Binghamton University
Yoan Molinero Gerbeau
Centro Superior de Investigaciones Científicas
Portada del número 47 de la revista Relaciones Internacionales
Publicado 28 junio 2021

Palabras clave:

Ecología-mundo, historia del clima, capitalismo, economía política, ecología política, desarrollo sostenible
Cómo citar
Moore, J. W., & Molinero Gerbeau, Y. (2021). Del gran abaratamiento a la gran implosión. Clase, clima y la Gran Frontera. Relaciones Internacionales, (47), 11–52. https://doi.org/10.15366/relacionesinternacionales2021.47.001


Este artículo vincula dos grandes acontecimientos histórico-mundiales: el auge del capitalismo tras 1492 y su crisis epocal actual, al final del Holoceno. El autor sostiene que la interminable acumulación de capital ha sido, desde el principio, posibilitada por la interminable conquista de la Tierra: la Gran Frontera. La ecología-mundo capitalista es un tipo peculiar de sociedad de clases que combina la acumulación monetaria con la apropiación excepcionalmente rápida del trabajo humano y planetario. La Gran Frontera es la zona de la Naturaleza Barata, uniendo dialécticamente la valorización del capital y la desvalorización ético-política de los humanos y del resto de la naturaleza, así, el racismo, el sexismo y el prometeísmo revelan ser pilares ideológicos fundamentales de la acumulación de capital. De manera crucial, la Gran Frontera ha permitido a las burguesías imperialistas avanzar en la productividad del trabajo, reducir los costes de los insumos y resolver las recurrentes crisis de sobreacumulación del capitalismo. Hoy en día, estamos asistiendo a la inversión geohistórica de la estrategia de la Naturaleza Barata del capitalismo. Se trata de la transición de la red de la vida como una dinámica de reducción de costes y aumento de la productividad a otra de maximización de costes y reducción de la productividad. La clase dominante y los economistas marxistas han entendido sus primeros signos como el “Gran Estancamiento”. Pero esto es sólo el principio; podríamos llamarlo una “crisis de señalización”. El Gran Estancamiento indica los primeros momentos de la Gran Implosión. Al igual que el cambio climático se entiende como un proceso no lineal que confunde los modelos biosféricos, la Gran Implosión es una dinámica no lineal a través de la cual las contradicciones del capitalismo en la red de la vida confunden los modelos lineales del cambio histórico. El capitalismo, frente a este panorama, es mucho más vulnerable de lo que creemos, y, sobre todo, lo es a la revuelta que el Proletariado Planetario está cociendo a fuego lento.


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