Núm. 32 (2023): ¿Por qué la filosofía es importante para la política? ¿Por qué es importante la política en la filosofía?

Memoria planetaria e inmunidad transespecífica

Chun-Mei Chuang
Soochow University in Taipei, Taiwan
Publicado junio 6, 2023

Palabras clave:

Difracción, Patrones de inmunidad, Noösfera, Memoria Planetaria, Inmunidad trans-específica
Cómo citar
Chuang, C.-M. (2023). Memoria planetaria e inmunidad transespecífica. Bajo Palabra, (32), 185–202. https://doi.org/10.15366/bp2023.32.010 (Original work published 5 de junio de 2023)


Basándose en Vladimir I. Vernadsky, Lynn Margulis, Alfred N. Whitehead, Karen Barad, y en estudios inmunológicos relevantes, este artículo propone una noosfera transespecífica, que abarca la zootecnia de innumerables formas de vida no humanas, especialmente agentes de microescala infinitesimales, incluidos los virus. Al hacerlo, también articulo la perspectiva coevolutiva de la materia difractiva en la vida planetaria, mapeo varios patrones de difracción de la inmunidad, y presento una posibilidad de vida política como una co-constitución heterogénea.


Los datos de descargas todavía no están disponibles.


Anderson, Warwick, and Ian R. Mackay. “Fashioning the Immunological Self: The Biological Individuality of F. Macfarlane Burnet.” Journal of the History of Biology 47.1 (2014): 147-75. http://www.jstor.org/stable/43863733.

Barad, Karen. Meeting the Universe Halfway: Quantum Physics and the Entanglement of Matter and Meaning. Durham: Duke University Press, 2007.

___. “Diffracting diffraction: Cutting Together-Apart.” Parallax 20.3 (2014): 168-187. https://doi.org/10.1080/13534645.2014.927623.

___. “TransMaterialities: Trans*/Matter/Realities and Queer Political Imaginings.” GLQ A Journal of Lesbian and Gay Studies 21.2-3 (2015): 387-422. https://doi.org/10.1215/10642684-2843239.

Barrangou, Rodolphe, and Luciano A. Marraffini. “CRISPR-Cas Systems: Prokaryotes Upgrade to Adaptive Immunity.” Molecular Cell 54.2 (2014): 234-244. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.molcel.2014.03.011.

Brandes, Nadav, and Michal Linial. “Giant Viruses-Big Surprises.” Viruses 11.5 (2019): 404. https://doi.org/10.3390/v11050404.

Burnet, Frank Macfarlane, and Frank Fenner. “Genetics and Immunology.” Heredity 2 (1948): 289-324. https://doi.org/10.1038/hdy.1948.19.

Carlson, Colin J. et al. “Climate Change Increases Cross-species Viral Transmission Risk.” Nature (2022). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41586-022-04788-w.

Carter, Lisa L et al. “Global Genomic Surveillance Strategy for Pathogens with Pandemic and Epidemic Potential 2022-2032.” Bulletin of the World Health Organization 100.4 (2022): 239-239A. https://doi.org/10.2471/BLT.22.288220.

Chuang, Chun-Mei. “Politics of Molecular Feminism: A Multispecies Postcolonial Perspective (Toward a Planetary Molecular Feminism).” The International Conference of Gendering Transformations: Feminist Knowledge Production and Trans/national Activist Engagement. Online, 28 October 2021.

Claverie, Jean-Michel, and Chantal Abergel. “CRISPR-Cas-like System in Giant Viruses: Why MIMIVIRE Is Not Likely to Be An Adaptive Immune System.” Virologica Sinica 31.3 (2016): 202-205. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12250-016-3801-x.

Colman, Daniel R., et al. “The Deep, Hot Biosphere: Twenty-five Years of Retrospection.” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 114.27 (2017): 6895-6903. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1701266114.

Corum, Jonathan, and Carl Zimmer. “How Nine Covid-19 Vaccines Work.” Updated 7 May 2021. New York Times. Web. 11 June. 2022

Deleuze, Gilles. Difference and Repetition. Trans. Paul Patton. London: Athlone, 1994.

Desjardins, Christopher A. “Unusual Viral Genomes: Mimivirus and the Polydnaviruses.” Parasitoid Viruses: Symbionts and Pathogens. Eds. Nancy E. Beckage and Jean-Michel Drezen. Amsterdam: Elsevier Inc, 2012. 115-125.

Desnues, Christelle et al. “Sputnik, a Virophage Infecting the Viral Domain of Life.” Advances in Virus Research 82 (2012): 63-89. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-394621-8.00013-3.

Diesend, Jan et al. “Amoebae, Giant Viruses, and Virophages Make Up a Complex, Multilayered Threesome.” Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology 7.527 (2018). https://doi.org/10.3389/fcimb.2017.00527.

Durkheim, E. The Division of Labour in Society. Tr. W. D. Halls. Houndmills: Macmillan, 1984.

Garrett, Sandra C. “Pruning and Tending Immune Memories: Spacer Dynamics in the CRISPR Array.” Frontiers in Microbiology 12.664299 (2021) .https://doi.org/10.3389/fmicb.2021.664299.

Goldblatt, David. “SARS-CoV-2: From Herd Immunity to Hybrid Immunity.” Nature reviews. Immunology 22.6 (2022): 333-334. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41577-022-00725-0.

Gontier, Nathalie. “Reticulate Evolution Everywhere.” Reticulate Evolution: Symbiogenesis, Lateral Gene Transfer, Hybridization and Infectious Heredity. Ed. Nathalie Gontier. Cham: Springer, 2015. 1-40. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-16345-1_1.

Gonzalez, Segundo et al. “Conceptual Aspects of Self and Nonself Discrimination.” Self/Nonself 2.1 (2011): 19-25. https://doi.org/10.4161/self.2.1.15094.

Hall, Victoria et al. “Protection against SARS-CoV-2 after Covid-19 Vaccination and Previous Infection.” The New England Journal of Medicine 386.13 (2022): 1207-1220. https://doi.org/10.1056/NEJMoa2118691.

Haraway, Donna. “The Promises of Monsters. A Regenerative Politics for Innapropriate/d Others.” Cultural Studies. Eds. Lawrence Crossberg, Cary Nelson and Paula A Treichler. New York: Routledge, 1992. 295-337.

___. Modest_Witness@Second_Millennium.femaleman©_Meets_ OncomouseTM: Feminism and Technoscience. New York: Routeldge, 1997.

Heler, Robert et al. “Adapting to New Threats: The Generation of Memory by CRISPR-Cas Immune Systems.” Molecular Microbiology 93.1 (2014): 1-9. https://doi.org/10.1111/mmi.12640.

Jackson, Cody B. et al. “Mechanisms of SARS-CoV-2 Entry into Cells.” Nature Reviews Molecular Cell Biology 23 (2022): 3-20. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41580-021-00418-x.

Kaufmann, Stefan H. E. “Immunology’s Coming of Age.” Frontiers in Immunology 10.684 (2019). https://doi.org/10.3389/fimmu.2019.00684.

Koonin, Eugene V. and Mart Krupovic. “Polintons, Virophages and Transpovirons: A Tangled Web Linking Viruses, Transposons and Immunity.” Current Opinion in Virology 25 (2017): 7-15. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.coviro.2017.06.008.

Kozo-Polyansky, Boris Mikhaylovich. Symbiogenesis: A New Principle of Evolution. Trans. Victor Fet. Eds. Victor Fet and Lynn Margulis. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 2010.

La Scola, Bernard, et al. “A Giant Virus in Amoebae.” Science 299.5615 (2003): 2033. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1081867.

La Scola, Bernard et al. “The Virophage as a Unique Parasite of the Giant Mimivirus.” Nature 455.7209 (2008): 100-4. https://doi.org/10.1038/nature07218.

Levasseur, Anthony, et al. “MIMIVIRE is a Defence System in Mimivirus that Confers Resistance to Virophage.” Nature 531.7593 (2016): 249-252. https://doi.org/10.1038/nature17146.

Lwoff, André. “The Concept of Virus.” Journal of General Microbiology 17.2 (1957): 239-53. https://doi.org/10.1099/00221287-17-2-239.

MacLennan, Bruce J. “Living Science: Science as An Activity of Living Beings.” Progress in Biophysics and Molecular Biology 119.3 (2015): 410-9. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pbiomolbio.2015.08.009.

Margulis (Sagan), Lynn. “On the Origin of Mitosing Cells,” Journal of Theoretical Biology 14.3 (1967): 255-74. https://doi.org/10.1016/0022-5193(67)90079-3.

Margulis, Lynn. Symbiotic planet. New York: Basic, 1998.

___. “Microbial Minds.” Forces of Change: A New View of Nature. Eds. Daniel B. Botkin et al. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution, 2000. 128-129.

___. “The Conscious Cell.” Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 929 (2001): 55-70. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1749-6632.2001.tb05707.x.

Margulis, Lynn et al., “Forward.” The Biosphere, by Vladimir I. Vernadsky. Trans. D. B. Langmuir. New York: Springer Science Business Media, 1998. 14-19.

Margulis, Lynn. and James E. Lovelock. “Biological Modulation of the Earth’s Atmosphere.” Icarus 21 (1974): 471-489.

McGinn, Jon, and Luciano A. Marraffini. “Molecular Mechanisms of CRISPR-Cas Spacer Acquisition.” Nature Reviews. Microbiology 17.1 (2019): 7-12. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41579-018-0071-7.

Medawar, Peter Brian. “A Biological Analysis of Individuality.” American Scientist 40.4 (1952): 632–39. http://www.jstor.org/stable/27826459.

Nordström, Peter et al. “Risk of SARS-CoV-2 Reinfection and COVID-19 Hospitalisation in Individuals with Natural and Hybrid Immunity: A Retrospective, Total Population Cohort Study in Sweden.” The Lancet. Infectious Diseases 22.6 (2022): 781-790. https://doi.org/10.1016/S1473-3099(22)00143-8.

Nussenzweig, Philip M., and Luciano A. Marraffini. “Molecular Mechanisms of CRISPR-Cas Immunity in Bacteria.” Annual Review of Genetics 54 (2020): 93-120. https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev-genet-022120-112523.

Park, Hyung Wook. “Managing failure: Sir Peter Brian Medawar’s Transplantation Research.” Notes and Records of the Royal Society of London 72.1 (2018): 75-100. https://doi.org/10.1098/rsnr.2017.0020.

Pradeu, Thomas. “Organisms or Biological Individuals? Combining Physiological and Evolutionary Individuality.” Biology & Philosophy 31 (2016): 797-781. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10539-016-9551-1.

___. 2019. Philosophy of Immunology. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Rosales, Carlos. “Neutrophils at the Crossroads of Innate and Adaptive Immunity.” Journal of Leukocyte Biology 108.1 (2020): 377-396. https://doi.org/10.1002/JLB.4MIR0220-574RR.

Silverstein, Arthur M., and Noel R. Rose. “On the Mystique of the Immunological Self.” Immunological Reviews 159 (1997): 197-218. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-065x.1997.tb01016.x.

Tauber, Alfred I. and Scott H. Podolsky. “Frank Macfarlane Burnet and the Immune Self.” Journal of the History of Biology 27.3 (1994): 531-73. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01058996.

Whitehead, Alfred North. Science and the Modern World. New York: The Free Press, 1997.

Wimmer, Franziska, and Chase L. Beisel. “CRISPR-Cas Systems and the Paradox of Self-Targeting Spacers.” Frontiers in Microbiology 10: 3078. 22 Jan. 2020, https://doi.org/10.3389/fmicb.2019.03078.

Witze, Alexandra. “Webb Telescope Blasts off Successfully—Launching a New Era in Astronomy.” Nature 25 December 2021. https://doi.org/10.1038/d41586-021-03655-4.

Vernadsky, Vladimir I., Scientific Thought as a Planetary Phenomenon. Tr. B. A. Starostin. Moscow: Nongovernmental Ecological V. I. Vernadsky Foundation, 1997.

Vernadsky, Vladimir I., The Biosphere. Trans. D. B. Langmuir. New York: Springer Science Business Media, 1998.