Vol. 21 Núm. 83 (2021)
Artículos

DESARROLLO Y VALIDACIÓN DE LA ESCALA CORPORAL PARA PREESCOLARES

M.P. León
Universidad de Castilla-La Mancha
Biografía
I. González-Martí
Universidad de Castilla-La Mancha
Biografía
O.R. Contreras
Universidad de Castilla-La Mancha
Biografía
Publicado octubre 1, 2021

Palabras clave:

preescolares, imagen corporal, percepción corporal, insatisfacción corporal, validez, fiabilidad, instrumento
Cómo citar
León, M., González-Martí, I., & Contreras, O. (2021). DESARROLLO Y VALIDACIÓN DE LA ESCALA CORPORAL PARA PREESCOLARES. Revista Internacional De Medicina Y Ciencias De La Actividad Física Y Del Deporte, 21(83), 623–637. https://doi.org/10.15366/rimcafd2021.83.013

Resumen

El objetivo del estudio fue desarrollar y validar un instrumento para medir la percepción del tamaño corporal y la insatisfacción corporal en preescolares. La Escala Corporal para Preescolares (PBS) estuvo compuesta por cuatro figuras corporales (versiones masculina y femenina) en posición frontal y lateral, representando cuatro categorías de peso. La escala fue administrada a 244 preescolares de 4 a 6,4 años, de los cuales 42 participaron en el estudio piloto y 202 en la fiabilidad del instrumento, la cual se reforzó con un proceso de validación y fiabilidad con 10 pediatras expertos de entre 50 y 65 años. Los resultados revelaron una buena validez y una fiabilidad de moderada a alta, que fue mejorando conforme los niños fueron mayores, especialmente con las figuras de perfil. Se comprobó que PBS es un instrumento adecuado para evaluar la percepción corporal y la insatisfacción corporal, particularmente entre participantes mayores de 5 años.

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