Vol. 21 Núm. 82 (2021)
Artículos

APTITUD FÍSICA EN DEPORTISTAS ADOLESCENTES TEMPRANOS DE DEPORTES DE COMBATE

A.F. Longo
Centro Nacional de Alto Rendimiento Deportivo
Biografía
G.D. Aquilino
Centro Nacional de Alto Rendimiento Deportivo (CeNARD)
Biografía
M.L. Cardey
Centro Nacional de Alto Rendimiento Deportivo (CeNARD)
Biografía
N.A. Lentini
Centro Nacional de Alto Rendimiento Deportivo (CeNARD)
Biografía
E.O. Prada
Centro Nacional de Alto Rendimiento Deportivo (CeNARD)
Biografía
Publicado junio 1, 2021

Palabras clave:

Fuerza, Potencia, Aceleración, Flexibilidad
Cómo citar
Longo, A., Aquilino, G., Cardey, M., Lentini, N., & Prada, E. (2021). APTITUD FÍSICA EN DEPORTISTAS ADOLESCENTES TEMPRANOS DE DEPORTES DE COMBATE. Revista Internacional De Medicina Y Ciencias De La Actividad Física Y Del Deporte, 21(82), 253–267. https://doi.org/10.15366/rimcafd2021.82.004

Resumen

El propósito de esta investigación fue obtener datos de referencia de deportistas adolescentes tempranos de Judo, Taekwondo y Lucha en un conjunto de pruebas de aptitud física, y evaluar relaciones entre las pruebas. Una batería de tests de campo fue implementada: Fuerza en handgrip (HAST), Saltos Abalakov, con Contramovimiento y Squat (ABJ, CMJ y SQJ), Aceleración en sprint 0-10 m (0-10SA) y Flexibilidad “Sit and reach” (SARF). La r de Pearson fue usada para valorar correlaciones entre las capacidades físicas. Análisis de covarianza fueron realizados para evaluar comparativamente los rendimientos en HAST, ABJ, CMJ, SQJ, 0-10SA y SARF. SARF mostró correlaciones despreciables con el resto de las pruebas. Las diferencias entre varones y mujeres parecieron mantenerse constantes a lo largo de los deportes. Los judokas y los taekwondistas mostraron rendimientos más altos en ABJ, y los taekwondistas revelaron rendimientos más altos que los luchadores en CMJ, SQJ y SARF.

Descargas

Los datos de descargas todavía no están disponibles.

Citas

Alter, M.J. (2004). Science of flexibility (3rd ed., p. 3). Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics.

American College of Sports Medicine. (2014). ACSM’s guidelines for exercise testing and prescription (9th ed., p. 2). Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.

Australian College of Sport & Fitness. (2013). Flexibility test - Sit and reach. Retrieved April 14, 2017, from http://acsf.edu.au/pdf/Flexibility_Test_Sit_and_Reach.pdf.

Australian Council for Health, Physical Education and Recreation (ACHPER). (1996). Handbook for the Australian fitness education award manual (pp. 1-59). South Australia: ACHPER Publications.

Bosco, C., Luhtanen, P., & Komi, P.V. (1983). A simple method for measurement of mechanical power in jumping. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 50: 273-282.

Castro-Piñero, J., Girela-Rejón, M.J., González-Montesinos, J.L., Mora, J., Conde-Caveda, J., Sjöström, M., et al. (2013). Percentile values for flexibility tests in youths aged 6 to 17 years: Influence of weight status. European Journal of Sport Science, 13(2): 139-148.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). (2011). National health and nutrition examination survey (NHANES): Muscle strength procedures manual. Retrieved April 18, 2017, from https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/nhanes/nhanes_11_12/Muscle_Strength_Proc_Manual.pdf.

Council of Europe. (1988). Eurofit: Handbook for the Eurofit tests of physical fitness (pp. 1-75). Rome, Italy: Council of Europe, Committee for the Development of Sport.

De Henauw, S., Gottrand, F., De Bourdeaudhuij, I., Gonzalez-Gross, M., Leclercq, C., Kafatos, A., et al. (2007). Nutritional status and lifestyles of adolescents from a public health perspective. The HELENA Project-Healthy Lifestyle in Europe by Nutrition in Adolescence. Journal of Public Health, 15: 187-197.

Elert G. (1998). Acceleration - The Physics hypertextbook. Retrieved March 20, 2017, from https://physics.info/motion-equations.

Fox, E.L., & Mathews, D.K. (1974). The interval training: Conditioning for sports and general fitness (pp. 257-258). Philadelphia, PA: Saunders.

Franks, B.D. (1989). YMCA Youth fitness test manual (pp. 1-59). Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics.

Franzblau, A. (1958). A primer of statistics for non-statisticians (Chapter 7). New York, NY: Harcourt, Brace & World.

Huffman, W.B., & Berger, R.A. (1972). Comparison of absolute and relative leg power as predictors of physical performance. Research Quarterly Exercise and Sport, 43(4): 468-471.

Keong, G.C. (1981). Physical fitness - Definition and assessment. Singapore Medical Journal, 22(3): 176-182.

Klavora, P. (2000). Vertical-jump tests: A critical review. Strength and Conditioning Journal, 22(5): 70-74.

Mackenzie, B. (2005). 101 Performance evaluation tests (pp. 1-212). London: Electric Word plc.

Mathisen, G.E., & Pettersen, S.A. (2015). The effect of speed training on sprint and agility performance in female youth players. Journal of Physical Education and Sport, 15(3): 395-399.

Mendes, B., Ercin, T., & Uzun, K. (2015). Examination of flexibility and sprint performance values of adolescent footballers. Turkish Journal of Sport and Exercise, 17(3): 16-20.

Mendez-Villanueva, A., Buchheit, M., Kuitunen, S., Douglas, A., Peltola, E., & Bourdon, P. (2011). Age-related differences in acceleration, maximum running speed, and repeated-sprint performance in young football players. Journal of Sports Sciences, 29(5): 477-484.

Moreno, L.A., González-Gross, M., Kersting, M., Molnár, D., De Henauw, S., Beghin, L., et al. (2008). Assessing, understanding and modifying nutritional status, eating habits and physical activity in European adolescents: The HELENA (Healthy Lifestyle in Europe by Nutrition in Adolescence) study. Public Health Nutrition, 11: 288-299.

Morgan, D.P. (2006). The essential guide to SAS dates and times (p. 93). Cary, NC: SAS Institute Inc.

Nikolaidis, P.T., Knechtle, B., Clemente, F., & Torres-Luque, G. (2016). Reference values for the sprint performance in male football players aged from 9-35 years. Biomedical Human Kinetics, 8: 103-112.

Ortega, F.B., Artero, E.G., Ruiz, JR., España-Romero, V., Jiménez-Pavón, D., Vicente-Rodriguez, G., et al. (2011). Physical fitness levels among European adolescents: The HELENA study. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 45(1): 20-29.

Pilicz, S., Przew?da, R., Dobosz, J., & Nowacka-Dobosz, S. (2005). Physical fitness score tables of Polish youth. Criteria for measuring aerobic capacity by the Cooper test. Warsaw, Poland: Akademia Wychowania Fizycznego Józefa Pi?sudskiego w Warszawie. Retrieved March 2, 2017, from http://www.lekkoatletyka.net.pl/ldk2017-druki/LDK_MTSF_instrukcja.pdf.

Plowman, S.A., & Meredith, M.D. (Eds.). (2013). Fitnessgram/Activitygram reference guide (4th ed.). Dallas, TX: The Cooper Institute. Retrieved March 3, 2017, from https://www.cooperinstitute.org/vault/2440/web/files/662.pdf.

Pokala, R. (2016). A Comparative study on selected physical fitness components among private and government school cricket players in Vizianagaram district (p. 29). Solapur: Laxmi Book Publication.

R Core Team. (2017). R: A language and environment for statistical computing. R Foundation for Statistical Computing, Vienna, Austria. Available at: URL http://www.R-project.org/.

Roberts, H.C., Denison, H.J., Martin, H.J., Patel, H.P., Syddall, H., Cooper, C., et al. (2011). A review of the measurement of grip strength in clinical and epidemiological studies: Towards a standardised approach. Age and Ageing, 40(4): 423-429.

Ruiz, J.R., Castro-Piñero, J., España-Romero, V., Artero, E.G., Ortega, F.B., Cuenca, M.M., et al. (2011). Field-based fitness assessment in young people: The ALPHA health-related fitness test battery for children and adolescents. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 45(6): 518-524.

Ruiz, J.R., Ortega, F.B., Gutierrez, A., Meusel, D., Sjöström, M., & Castillo, M.J. (2006). Health-related fitness assessment in childhood and adolescence: A European approach based on the AVENA, EYHS and HELENA studies. Journal of Public Health, 14: 269-277.

Shingo, N., & Takeo, M. (2002). The educational experiments of school health promotion for the youth in Japan: Analysis of the ‘sport test’ over the past 34 years. Health Promotion International, 17(2): 147-160.

The President’s Council on Physical Fitness and Sports. (2009). The President’s Challenge: Physical Activity & Fitness Awards Program 2009-2010. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Retrieved March 2, 2017, from http://www.newton.k12.in.us/hs/pe/images/physical-fitness-guide.pdf.

Tremblay, M., & Lloyd, M. (2010). Physical literacy measurement - The missing piece. Physical and Health Education Journal, 76(1): 26-30.

Walker, O. (2016a). 10 m Sprint test. Retrieved February 28, 2017, from https://www.scienceforsport.com/10m-sprint-test/.

Walker, O. (2016b). Countermovement jump (CMJ). Retrieved November 9, 2017, from https://www.scienceforsport.com/countermovement-jump-cmj/.

Walker, O. (2017). Squat jump. Retrieved November 9 2017, from https://www.scienceforsport.com/squat-jump/.

Wells, K.F., & Dillon, E.K. (1952). The sit and reach - A test of back and leg flexibility. Research Quarterly., 23: 115-118.

Wood, R.J. (2008a). Bosco ergo jump protocol. Retrieved January 5, 2017, from https://www.topendsports.com/testing/bosco-ergo-jump.htm.

Wood, R.J. (2008b). Complete guide to fitness testing. Retrieved March 14, 2017, from https://www.topendsports.com/testing/.

Wood, R.J. (2012). Sit and reach test norms. Retrieved April 18, 2017, from https://www.topendsports.com/testing/norms/sit-and-reach.htm.

Wooldridge, J.M. (2002). Introductory econometrics: A modern approach (2nd ed., Chapter 8). Mason, OH: South Western College Publishing.