Vol. 20 Núm. 80 (2020)
Área 17. OTRAS (Entrenamiento deportivo) / OTHERS (Sport training)

INFLUENCIA DEL DESNIVEL EN LA CARGA FÍSICA DEL CORREDOR DE MONTAÑA: UN ESTUDIO DE CASO

F. Serrano García de Dionisio
Universidad de Murcia
Biografía
C.D. Gómez-Carmona
Universidad de Extremadura
Biografía
A. Bastida-Castillo
Universidad de Murcia
Biografía
D. Rojas-Valverde
Universidad de Extremadura
Biografía
J. Pino-Ortega
Universidad de Murcia
Biografía
Publicado diciembre 22, 2020

Palabras clave:

Carreras de montaña, dispositivos inerciales, frecuencia cardiaca, stiffness vertical, carga neuromuscular, fatiga, Carreras de montaña, dispositivos inerciales, frecuencia cardiaca, stiffness vertical, carga neuromuscular, fatiga
Cómo citar
Serrano García de Dionisio, F., Gómez-Carmona, C., Bastida-Castillo, A., Rojas-Valverde, D., & Pino-Ortega, J. (2020). INFLUENCIA DEL DESNIVEL EN LA CARGA FÍSICA DEL CORREDOR DE MONTAÑA: UN ESTUDIO DE CASO. Revista Internacional De Medicina Y Ciencias De La Actividad Física Y Del Deporte, 20(80), 641-658. https://doi.org/10.15366/rimcafd2020.80.012

Resumen

Este estudio analizó las exigencias de carga interna (Frecuencia cardíaca, FC) y externa (Velocidad; Player Load, PL; Power Metabolic, PM; Stiffness Vertical, KVERT; entropía aproximada, ApEn) producidas en función del desnivel del terreno en una carrera de montaña. Un atleta de nivel nacional (edad: 25.3 años; altura: 172 cm; peso: 67 kg; VO2MAX: 70.2 ml/kg/min) participó en una prueba oficial (Distancia: 27.6 km; Desnivel acumulado: 973 m), siendo analizado en 6 segmentos respecto al desnivel (sin desnivel, positivo y negativo). El registro de datos se realizó mediante un dispositivo inercial WIMU PROTM (RealTrack Systems, Almería, España). Los resultados muestran un aumento de PL/min y PM/min en desnivel negativo y de FCAVG en desnivel positivo. KVERT y ApEn fueron más bajos en desnivel positivo, mientras que la velocidad fue mayor sin desnivel. Se encuentra gran variabilidad en las exigencias en función de la orografía del terreno, siendo importante su análisis para el diseño específico del entrenamiento y la planificación del evento.

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