Vol. 20 Núm. 79 (2020)
Área 17. OTRAS (Entrenamiento deportivo) / OTHERS (Sport training)

EFICACIA DE LA PLIOMETRÍA EN LA FATIGA NEUROMUSCULAR EN TRIATLÓN: ESTUDIO PILOTO

V. Aurell-Badenas
Universidad Camilo José Cela
Biografía
R. Murias-Lozano
Universidad Camilo José Cela
Biografía
ES. Rodríguez-López
Universidad Camilo José Cela
Biografía
A. García-Giménez
Universidad de Zaragoza
Biografía
Publicado septiembre 30, 2020

Palabras clave:

ciclismo, carrera, ejercicio pliométrico, rendimiento atlético
Cómo citar
Aurell-Badenas, V., Murias-Lozano, R., Rodríguez-López, E., & García-Giménez, A. (2020). EFICACIA DE LA PLIOMETRÍA EN LA FATIGA NEUROMUSCULAR EN TRIATLÓN: ESTUDIO PILOTO. Revista Internacional De Medicina Y Ciencias De La Actividad Física Y Del Deporte, 20(79), 551-566. https://doi.org/10.15366/rimcafd2020.79.011

Resumen

Las transiciones en triatlón afectan al rendimiento y riesgo de lesión. El objetivo fue determinar la fatiga neuromuscular inducida por 40 km de ciclismo y la eficacia del entrenamiento pliométrico en la fatiga y rendimiento de la carrera a pie. Participaron doce triatletas, 5 realizaron un entrenamiento pliométrico y 7 continuaron su entrenamiento habitual. Se realizaron tests de salto antes y después de 40 km de ciclismo para determinar la fatiga y se registró el ritmo de 5 km de carrera. Se observaron diferencias significativas en la altura de salto (p<0,05) indicando que 40 km de ciclismo inducen fatiga en la extremidad inferior. Tras el entrenamiento pliométrico se observaron mejoras significativas en el test Squat Jump posterior al ciclismo (p=0,038) y en el ritmo del primer kilómetro (p=0,015). El entrenamiento pliométrico parece ser más eficaz que el entrenamiento habitual para mejorar la fatiga neuromuscular y el ritmo del primer kilómetro.

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