Vol. 20 Núm. 78 (2020)
Área 11. MEDICINA DEL DEPORTE / SPORT MEDICINE

CARGA DE ENTRENAMIENTO Y VFC EN UNA ATLETA FEMENINA: ESTUDIO DE CASO

C. Nieto-Jiménez
Ejército de Chile
E. Pardos-Mainer
Universidad San Jorge
Biografía
J.F. Ruso-Álvarez
Universidad Pablo de Olavide
Biografía
J. Naranjo-Orellana
Universidad Pablo de Olavide
Biografía
Publicado junio 1, 2020

Palabras clave:

Actividad simpática-parasimpática, Trail Runners, Ironman, Mujer
Cómo citar
Nieto-Jiménez, C., Pardos-Mainer, E., Ruso-Álvarez, J., & Naranjo-Orellana, J. (2020). CARGA DE ENTRENAMIENTO Y VFC EN UNA ATLETA FEMENINA: ESTUDIO DE CASO. Revista Internacional De Medicina Y Ciencias De La Actividad Física Y Del Deporte, 20(78), 321-333. https://doi.org/10.15366/rimcafd2020.78.009

Resumen

El objetivo de este estudio fue describir una metodología de seguimiento en una atleta que combina el Ultra Trail Running (UTR) y el Ironman durante 16 semanas, mediante variabilidad de la frecuencia cardiaca (VFC).

La carga de entrenamiento (CE) diaria se programó y se cuantificó el sumatorio semanal. Se registraron los intervalos RR (ms) en reposo cada mañana durante 5 minutos y a partir de ellos se midió la RMSSD (raíz cuadrada de la media de las diferencias de la suma de los cuadrados entre intervalos RR adyacentes) como medida de la actividad parasimpática y el índice de estrés (SS) como actividad simpática.

Los registros diarios de VFC matutinos parecen ser una forma útil para monitorizar el estado de equilibrio simpático-parasimpático en deportistas antes de abordar las sesiones de entrenamiento. Esta monitorización serviría para detectar precozmente estados de fatiga y para poder monitorizar la planificación de las cargas.

Descargas

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