Vol. 20 Núm. 78 (2020)
Área 5. DIDÁCTICA Y METODOLOGÍA / DIDACTICS AND METHODOLOGY

ACTIVIDADES DEPORTIVAS CON SOPORTE MUSICAL: ¿UNA NUEVA FORMA DE APRENDER REANIMACIÓN CARDIOPULMONAR?

R. Navarro-Patón
Universidad de Santiago de Compostela
Biografía
M. Freire-Tellado
Servicio Emergencias Médicas de la Fundación Pública de Urgencias Sanitarias 061 Lugo (España)
Biografía
J. Mateos-Lorenzo
Servicio Cántabro de Salud 061 Santander, (España)
S. Basanta-Camiño
Universidad de Santiago de Compostela
Biografía
A. Rodríguez-López
Clínica Santo Domingo. Lugo, (España)
J. Lago-Ballesteros
Universidad de Santiago de Compostela
Biografía
Publicado junio 1, 2020

Palabras clave:

Actividades deportivas, cursos de reanimación cardiopulmonar, parada cardiorrespiratoria, enseñanza de RCP, compresiones continuas

Resumen

El objetivo del estudio fue analizar la viabilidad de enseñar RCP en actividades deportivas con apoyo musical y evaluar si este nuevo enfoque iguala los resultados de un curso tradicional de reanimación cardiopulmonar (RCP). Participaron 84 estudiantes universitarias sin conocimientos de RCP distribuidas en dos grupos de forma aleatoria. El primero recibió formación de RCP sólo manos integradas en una clase de aeróbic y el otro recibió un curso de RCP de manera convencional. Los resultados en la clase coreografiada comparados con el curso tradicional fueron: Profundidad media de compresiones (41,64 vs 42,92; p= 0,446), re-expansión correcta (65,47% vs 72,47%; p=0,423), frecuencia de compresiones en un minuto (102,50 vs 138,53; p<0,001), compresiones totales (202,50 vs 277,95; p< 0,001). Los dos métodos formativos alcanzaron resultados similares por lo que la introducción de la enseñanza de RCP en actividades deportivas puede ser un nuevo método formativo.

Citas

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