STRESS SCORE Y LnrRMSSD COMO PARÁMETROS DE CARGA INTERNA DURANTE UNA COMPETICIÓN

J. Miranda-Mendoza, L.F. Reynoso-Sánchez, L.F. Reynoso-Sánchez, J.R. Hoyos-Flores, J.R. Hoyos-Flores, J.T. Quezada-Chacón, J.T. Quezada-Chacón, J. Naranjo, J. Naranjo, B. Rangel-Colmenero, B. Rangel-Colmenero, G. Hernández-Cruz

Resumen


El objetivo del estudio fue analizar el comportamiento del stress score (SS) y el logaritmo neperiano de la media de la raíz cuadrada de las diferencias de los intervalos sucesivos R-R (LnrMSSD) de la variabilidad de la frecuencia cardíaca (VFC) como indicadores de la carga interna mediante la modulación simpática y parasimpática, apoyado con parámetros bioquímicos de carga interna. Se evaluaron 14 atletas universitarios de balonmano (edad 22.30 ± 1.83 años). Se monitoreó la VFC y marcadores bioquímicos en seis momentos. Se analizaron las diferencias entre las tomas de cada variable mediante estadística descriptiva convencional y el tamaño del efecto con la d de Cohen y la magnitud de Hopkins. Se examinaron las correlaciones de Pearson entre variables. El LnrMSSD, SS y cortisol presentaron cambios significativos (< .05). Se encontraron correlaciones entre los parámetros de la VFC (SS y LnrMSSD) con creatin kinasa (CK) respectivamente. Los resultados del estudio muestran que el SS puede ser una metodología fiable para la evaluación de la carga interna durante una competición.


Palabras clave


Estrés fisiológico; Sistema nervioso autónomo; Variabilidad de la frecuencia cardíaca; Marcadores biológicos; Carga interna; Balonmano

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Referencias


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15366/rimcafd2020.77.002

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