J. Seguí-Urbaneja, E. Inglés, S. Alcaraz, V. De Bosscher


La metáfora de la pirámide deportiva (efecto trickle down y trickle up) es utilizada por la administración para justificar la inversión en el deporte de élite. Las evidencias de este efecto son difusas y estudios previos ponen en entredicho su veracidad. Este artículo examina el efecto de esta metáfora en España.

Mediante coeficientes de correlaciones de Spearman (ρ), se estudia la relación entre el éxito deportivo y la evolución de las licencias federativas de 23 modalidades deportivas, desde 1992 hasta 2016. Los resultados muestran tres grupos distintos: 1) aquellos con indicios de la posible existencia de los efectos trickle down y up; 2) aquellos que muestran correlaciones negativas entre número de licencias y éxito deportivo; y 3) aquellos que no muestran ninguna relación entre variables. En conclusión, se corrobora que no existe una evidencia clara y generalizada que confirme la existencia de la metáfora de la pirámide deportiva en España.

Palabras clave

Metáfora de la pirámide deportiva; Trickle up; trickle down; deporte de élite; deporte base

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