Vol. 19 Núm. 76 (2019)
Área 17. OTRAS (Análisis del Juego) / OTHER (Game analysis)

Demandas tácticas de juegos reducidos en fútbol: influencia de la tecnología utilizada

Publicado diciembre 16, 2019

Palabras clave:

rendimiento, punto centroide, superficie, GPS, UWB

Resumen

Este estudio analiza el comportamiento táctico en Juegos Reducidos (JRs) a través de las variables área y centroide en función de: (1) tecnología empleada: Sistema de Posicionamiento Global (GPS) y Ultra-Banda Ancha (UWB); (2) fase de juego (ataque y defensa); y (3) objetivo del JRs. Dieciséis jugadores semiprofesionales de fútbol participaron en esta investigación (Edad: 23.6±3.3 años; Peso: 78.1±5.2 kg; Altura: 1.8±0.1 metros). Para el registro se utilizaron dispositivos inerciales WIMU PROTM (RealTrack System, Almería, España). Los principales resultados muestran diferencias significativas: (1) entre tecnologías de seguimiento (GPS y UWB) en la variable área, (2) entre fases de juego, y (3) en función del objetivo de los JRs. En conclusión, los datos obtenidos por ambas tecnologías no pueden compararse debido a las diferencias encontradas, siendo muy importante el análisis en función del objetivo y la fase de juego de los JRs por su influencia en la disposición táctica para conseguir una mejora en el rendimiento deportivo.

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