Diferencias de edad en el rendimiento de golpeo de balón en fútbol

L. Rodríguez-Lorenzo, M. Fernandez-del-Olmo, R. Martín-Acero

Resumen


El objetivo de este estudio fue examinar la evolución del rendimiento máximo de golpeo de balón a lo largo de la edad en futbolistas jóvenes de élite. Un total de 175 fueron divididos en 11 grupos edad (U-9 hasta U-19), además del equipo filial del club (U-23). Se registró la velocidad máxima de golpeo con la pierna dominante y no dominante mediante radar. El déficit de golpeo fue calculado para comparar el rendimiento entre ambas piernas. La velocidad máxima de golpeo aumenta progresivamente de forma significativa desde U-9 hasta U-16 con la pierna dominante y hasta U-18 con la no dominante, y sigue aumentando de forma no significativa hasta U-23. La etapa con mayor incremento de la velocidad de golpeo fue entre U-13 y U-16. Existe un déficit de golpeo con la pierna no dominante y sus valores permanecen estables (9.43%-18.18%) sin cambios significativos desde U-9 hasta U-23.



Palabras clave


fútbol; velocidad; habilidad; rendimiento; golpeo; test; lateralidad; edad

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Referencias


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15366/rimcafd2019.76.010

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