Capacidades físicas en jugadores de fútbol formativo de un club profesional / Physical Capacity In Youth Football Players Of A Profesional Club. pp. 289-307

J.D. Benítez Sillero, M.E. Da Silva-Grigoletto, E. Muñoz Herrera, A. Morente Montero, M. Guillén del Castillo

Resumen


Las características físicas del fútbol son muy diversas, aunque se reconocen como muy importantes la capacidad de realizar esfuerzos de alta intensidad y la de retrasar la fatiga en la mayor medida posible en esfuerzos intermitentes. Son diversos los trabajos que analizan dichas características en el fútbol profesional, aunque son menores los que analizan las categorías de formación. En el presente estudio se analiza la evolución por categorías de pruebas de salto, velocidad, agilidad y resistencia aeróbica específica, en jugadores de fútbol jóvenes de la cantera de un club profesional de la liga española. Se produjo un incremento de las marcas con la edad, aunque no se observaron diferencias significativas en grupos de edad cercanos, produciéndose una meseta en el rendimiento en la fuerza explosiva y velocidad de aceleración a partir de los 17 años y en la velocidad de desplazamiento y agilidad a los 15 años. 

PALABRAS CLAVE: Fútbol, Jugadores Jóvenes, Velocidad, Salto, Agilidad.

 

ABSTRACT

Physical characteristics of football are very different, but are recognized as very important the ability to perform high-intensity efforts and to delay fatigue as much as possible in intermittent efforts. There are several studies that analyze these characteristics in professional football but are less those who analyze the categories of training. In the present study analyzes the evolution of categories of jumping, speed, agility and specific endurance in young soccer players from a professional club of the Spanish league. There was an increase of the marks with age, although no significant differences in age groups encircle. Producing a plateau in performance in explosive strength and acceleration speed from 17 years and in speed and agility at age of 15.


KEYWORDS: Football, Youth Players, Speed, Jump, Agility.


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15366/rimcafd2015.58.006

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