Ventaja de jugar en casa en el fútbol español (1928-2011) / Measuring Home Advantage In Spanish Football (1928-2011) pp. 181-194.

M. Saavedra García, O. Gutiérrez Aguilar, J.J. Fernández Romero, P. Sa Marques

Resumen


Pollard (1986) estableció el procedimiento para analizar la ventaja de jugar en casa, efecto que en términos anglosajones se denomina “home advantage” (HA). La HA ha sido estudiada en multitud de deportes, tanto individuales como de equipo, determinando su existencia y sus posibles causas. Este artículo analiza la HA de la primera división de fútbol español a lo largo de su historia (desde 1928 hasta el 2011). La muestra es de 80 temporadas y 22.015 partidos jugados en las competiciones de liga de máxima categoría española. La HA es de 70,8±0,14 en las máximas categorías del fútbol español en la época en la que el valor de la victoria era de dos puntos (1928-1995) y de 56,7±0,14 cuando se otorgan tres puntos por la victoria (1995-2011).

PALABRAS CLAVE: Ventaja de jugar en casa, deporte, fútbol, análisis rendimiento.

 

ABSTRACT

Pollard (1986) established the procedure for analyzing the home advantage (HA). The HA has been studied in many different sports, both individual and team sports, determining its existence and its possible causes. This article analyzes the HA of the first division of Spanish football across the history (from 1928 until 2011). The sample is of 80 seasons and 22015 games of the highest level in Spain. The HA (mean±sd) is of 70.8±0.14 in the highest category in Spanish football during the period when a victory was worth two points (1928-1995) and 56.7±0.14 when three points were awarded for a victory (1995-2011).

KEY WORDS: Home Advantage, sport, football, performance analysis.


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15366/rimcafd2015.57.010

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