Aplicación de un programa de entrenamiento de fuerza en futbolistas jóvenes / Implementation Of A Resistance Training On Young Football Players pp. 45-59

J. Sánchez-Sánchez, S. Pérez, J.M. Yagüe, J.M. Royo, J.L Martín

Resumen


El objetivo de este estudio, es comprobar el efecto de un programa de 20 sesiones de entrenamiento específico de fuerza en futbolistas jóvenes. Participaron 38 sujetos en el estudio, divididos en un grupo experimental (GE) y un grupo control (GC). Al GE se le administró un entrenamiento de fútbol y un trabajo específico de fuerza; mientras el GC sólo efectuó práctica de fútbol. Ambos fueron evaluados al inicio y al final del programa, con el objetivo de conocer su fuerza dinámica máxima en los flexores y extensores de la rodilla; su masa muscular en las extremidades inferiores; el porcentaje de grasa; y, por último, la velocidad en las pruebas de 10 y 20 metros. Únicamente el GE mejora de forma muy significativa la fuerza dinámica máxima (p<0,01). No se encuentran diferencias en la masa muscular, ni en la velocidad. El GE y el GC incrementan el porcentaje de grasa corporal.

PALABRAS CLAVE: entrenamiento de fuerza; fútbol; composición corporal; fuerza máxima; velocidad. 

 

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study is to check the effect of a specific training strength program on young footballers. 38 players took place in the study; they were divided into an experimental group (EG) and a control group (CG). The EG added a specific strength work to their football workout, whereas the CG just practised football. Both of them were assessed at the beginning and at the end of the program to know their maximum dynamic strength in their flexor and extensor muscles of their knees; their muscle mass in their lower extremities; their body mass and fat percentage; and their speed in the 10 and 20 metres trials. Just the EG improves remarkably their maximum dynamic strength … No differences in their muscle mass or in their movement strength are found. The EG and the CG increase their MBRate and their body fat.

KEYWORDS: resistance training; soccer; body composition; maximum dynamic strength; speed.


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15366/rimcafd2015.57.004

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