ESTILOS EDUCATIVOS PARENTALES COMO PREDICTOR DEL ÉXITO Y NIVEL DE COMPETICIÓN DEPORTIVO // PARENTAL EDUCATION STYLES AS A PREDICTOR OF SPORT SUCCESS AND COMPETITION LEVEL

H. González-García, A. Pelegrín, J.L. Carballo

Resumen


RESUMEN

Los objetivos de este trabajo fueron comprobar cuáles son las diferencias en el nivel de competición deportivo en función de los estilos educativos de los padres, y conocer cuáles son las diferencias en los éxitos deportivos en función de los estilos educativos de los padres. Se administró un Cuestionario Sociodemográfico ad hoc, el Test Autoevaluativo Multifactorial de Adaptación Infantil (TAMAI) y la Escala de Oviedo de Infrecuencia de Respuesta (INF-OV). La muestra se compuso de 502 deportistas españoles. Los resultados mostraron que los deportistas sin éxitos internacionales obtuvieron diferencias significativas y mayores puntuaciones de restricción de la madre. Por otro lado, la educación asistencial próxima al proteccionismo de la madre obtuvo diferencias significativas y mayores puntuaciones en los deportistas que no compiten a nivel internacional. Se concluyó que las madres protectoras no se relacionan con tener hijos que compiten a nivel internacional y las madres restrictivas no se relacionan con tener hijos con éxitos a nivel internacional.

PALABRAS CLAVE: rendimiento deportivo, padres, educación, apoyo familiar

 

ABSTRACT

The objectives of this research were to check the differences in the level of sport competition depending on parental education styles, and to know what the differences are in parental education styles in terms of sport success. In order to measure the different variables an ad hoc sociodemographic questionnaire, the Multifactor Self-Assessment Test of Child Adjustment (TAMAI) and the Oviedo Scale of Infrequency of Response (INF-OV) were carried out. The sample consisted of 502 Spanish athletes. The results showed that athletes without international success obtained higher scores and significant differences in mother´s restriction. Moreover, the mother’s care education close to protectionism showed significant differences in benefit of athletes who do not compete internationally. It was concluded that protective mothers are not related to having children who compete internationally and restrictive mothers are not related to having children who achieve international success.

KEYWORDS: sport performance, parents, education, family support


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Referencias


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15366/rimcafd2018.71.012

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