VALIDACIÓN ESPAÑOLA DEL CUESTIONARIO DE LOCUS DE CONTROL EN DEPORTE INFANTIL // SPANISH VALIDATION OF THE LOCUS OF CONTROL QUESTIONNAIRE IN SPORT FOR CHILDREN

I. Checa, M.R. Bohórquez

Resumen


RESUMEN

El locus de control ha sido estudiado en el deporte, sin embargo no existía un instrumento válido para evaluarlo en deporte infantil. Este estudio lleva a cabo la validación española del Children´s Sport Locus of Control Scale (CSLCS) que desarrollaron Tsai y Hsieh (2015). La adaptación presenta dos fases: una primera exploratoria con 248 niños entre 7 y 16 años para observar el comportamiento cualitativo de los ítems; y una segunda con 221 deportistas entre 8 y 22 años en la que se modificó el cuestionario para ajustarlo a los resultados obtenidos. Se obtiene una escala final de 10 ítems, con 5 ítems por dimensión (interna y externa), que presenta un ajuste adecuado. Los resultados demuestran que la versión española de la escala posee cualidades psicométricas adecuadas para ser utilizada en la investigación y la práctica aplicada en la evaluación deportiva infantil.

PALABRAS CLAVE: locus de control, niños, escala de evaluación.

 

ABSTRACT 

Locus of control has been studied in the sport context, however there was no valid instrument to evaluate it in children's sport. This study adapts into Spanish and validates the Children's Locus of Control Scale for Sport (CSLCS) in the Spanish language. This CSLCS was developed by Tsai y Hsieh (2015). The adaptation has two phases: an initial screening of 248 children between the ages of 7 and 16 to observe the qualitative behavior of the items; and a second one with 221 athletes with children between the ages of 8 and 22 in which the questionnaire was modified to fit the results. A final 10-item scale was obtained, with 5 items per dimension (internal and external), which presents an adequate fit. Results show that the Spanish version of the scale possesses adequate psychometric qualities for its use in research and applied fields in child´s sport evaluation.

KEY WORDS: locus of control, children, assessment scale.


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Referencias


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15366/rimcafd2018.71.011

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