VO2 MÁXIMO INDIRECTO Y EDAD FITNESS DE SEDENTARIOS Y NO SEDENTARIOS // VO2 INDIRECT MAXIMUM AND FITNESS AGE OF SEDENTARY AND NON-SEDENTARY

M. Barrios Vergara, J. Ocaranza Ozimica, L. Llach Fernández, C. Osorio Fuentealba, V. Giner Costagliola, C. Sacomori

Resumen


RESUMEN

El objetivo es: comparar la edad cronológica con la edad fitness obtenida por medio del VO2 máximo indirecto, de un grupo de personas sedentarias y no sedentarias. Método: 253 personas fueron evaluadas respecto a masa corporal, estatura, perímetro de cintura, frecuencia cardiaca basal y un cuestionario del modelo web "Fitness Calculator". Los resultados demostraron diferencias significativas en las variables antropométricas y fisiológicas entre personas sedentarias y no sedentarias (P<,001). Las personas no sedentarias tienen un mayor VO2máx en comparación con las personas sedentarias. Las personas sedentarias indican que presentan una edad fitness que se encuentra sobre 12 años cronológicos promedio de lo esperado. Conclusión: Las personas sedentarias tienen una mayor edad fitness, esto permite establecer  que su cuerpo se deteriora más rápido que los no sedentarios. El bajo VO2 máx es un potente predictor de la capacidad cardiorrespiratoria y se establece como un predictor de enfermedades cardiovasculares.

Palabras claves: capacidad cardiorrespiratoria, riesgo cardiovascular, sedentarismo, actividad física.

 

ABSTRACT

The purpose was to compare chronological age with fitness age obtained through indirect VO2max in a group of sedentary and non-sedentary people. Method: 253 people were evaluated for body mass, height, waist circumference, basal heart rate and a web model questionnaire "Fitness Calculator". The results: showed significant differences in anthropometric and physiological variables between sedentary and non-sedentary people (P <.001). Non-Sedentary people have a greater higher VO2máx group compared to sedentary people. This indicates that sedentary people have a fitness age 12 years over their expected chronological average age. Conclusion: Sedentary people have a higher fitness age; therefore your body deteriorates faster than the non-sedentary people. A low level of VO2máx is a powerful predictor of cardiorespiratory capacity and of cardiovascular diseases.

KEYWORDS: cardiorespiratory fitness, cardiovascular risk, sedentary, physical activity.


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Referencias


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15366/rimcafd2018.71.006

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