EVALUACIÓN DE META-PERCEPCIÓN DE META Y FUNCIONAMIENTO MORAL EN ESPECTADORES DE FÚTBOL / EVALUATION OF METAPERCEPTION OF GOAL ORIENTATION AND MORAL FUNCTIONING IN SOCCER SPECTATORS

A. Carriedo, J.A. Cecchini, C. González

Resumen


RESUMEN

La violencia en el fútbol es un grave problema social. Algunas de sus manifestaciones están relacionadas con el espectáculo deportivo y su tratamiento en los medios de comunicación. La finalidad de este estudio ha sido analizar las propiedades psicométricas de dos escalas en español que miden la meta-percepción de orientación de meta y el funcionamiento moral en espectadores de fútbol. Los participantes fueron estudiantes universitarios (N = 616) que completaron cuestionarios valorando el tiempo dedicado al consumo de programas deportivos sobre fútbol, la meta-percepción de orientación de meta y el funcionamiento moral. Las escalas definitivas mostraron una adecuada validez de constructo, validez convergente y validez concurrente. Estos resultados indican que las nuevas escalas poseen adecuadas propiedades psicométricas, lo que permite una evaluación válida y fiable que mejore el entendimiento de los procesos que operan en los espectadores de deportes como el fútbol.

 
PALABRAS CLAVE: Validez de escalas, deporte espectáculo, medios de
comunicación, espectadores, moralidad

 

ABSTRACT

Soccer violence is a serious social problem. Some of its manifestations are related to competitive sport and its treatment by the mass media. The purpose of this study was to analyze the psychometric properties of two Spanish scales which measure the metaperception of goal orientation and moral functioning in soccer spectators. Participants (N = 616) reported the time spent viewing soccer sport programming, and rated metaperception of goal orientation and moral functioning. The scales exhibited adequate construct, convergent and concurrent validity. These results indicate that the new scales have adequate psychometric properties, allowing a valid and reliable assessment in order to explain the processes that take place in sport spectators like soccer viewers.

KEY WORDS: Scale’s validation, sport media entertainment, mass media, viewers, morality


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15366/rimcafd2018.70.009

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