PATRÓN LESIVO EN CAMPEONATO DE ESPAÑA UNIVERSITARIO DE VÓLEY PLAYA / PATTERN OF INJURIES IN BEACH VOLLEYBALL AT THE SPANISH NATIONAL UNIVERSITY CHAMPIONSHIP

J.M. Jiménez-Olmedo, A. Penichet-Tomas, B. Pueo, J.J. Chinchilla_Mira, J.A. Pérez-Turpín

Resumen


RESUMEN

Este artículo pretende establecer y determinar las lesiones más frecuentes en jugadores de vóley playa universitarios a través de una muestra de 33 participantes en el Campeonato de España Universitario. Para estudiar las lesiones, se realizó una entrevista personal mediante un cuestionario validado. Los resultados mostraron que la región corporal con mayor incidencia lesiva fue el tobillo (33,3%), seguido de los dedos de la mano (18,5%), las rodillas (13,0%), los hombros (11,1%) y la espalda (5,6%). Además también se obtuvieron datos sobre el momento de la lesión (competición o entrenamiento), su origen (impacto o sobreuso) y característica de la lesión (nueva lesión o repetida). El tratamiento de los datos para el establecimiento de las diferencias significativas se realizó a través de la prueba estadística Chi-Cuadrado. Los resultados establecen un patrón de lesiones diferente al que se produce en vóley playa profesional, probablemente como consecuencia directa del nivel, horas de entrenamiento y exigencia del juego.

PALABRAS CLAVE: lesión, voleibol, vóley playa, cuestionario, rendimiento
deportivo

 

ABSTRACT

The aim of this paper is to study the most common injuries in university beach volleyball players. The sample consisted in 33 athletes participating in the University Spanish Championship. Injuries were assessed by means of personal interviews and a validated questionnaire. Results show that the body region with the highest incidence was the ankle (33%), followed by the fingers (18.5%), knees (13.0%), shoulders (11.1%) and back (5.6%). Also, information on the moment of injury (competition or training), origin (impact or overuse) and characteristic of the injury (new or recurrent injury). Statistical processing of data for establishing significant differences was performed using the Chi-square test. Results showed a harmful effect, which differs from that of professional volley players, probably as a result of the level, hours of training and requirements of the game.


KEY WORDS: injury, beach volley, volleyball, questionnaire, performance sport


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Referencias


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15366/rimcafd2018.70.008

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