CONSUMO ALIMENTICIO DE MUJERES ACTIVAS E INACTIVAS FÍSICAMENTE DURANTE LA POSTMENOPAUSIA / ALIMENTARY CONSUMPTION OF WOMEN ACTIVE AND PHYSICALLY INACTIVE IN POSTMENOPAUSAL PERIOD

C. Nogueira de Medeiros Carvalho, M. Vasconcelos de Oliveira Borges, J. Franco Pires Medeiros, T. Barbosa Trindade, D. Sierra Sánchez, P. Moreira Silva Dantas, T.M. Araújo Moura Lemos

Resumen


RESUMEN

El objetivo del presente estudio fue observar el consumo alimenticio y la prevalencia del síndrome metabólico en mujeres activas e inactivas físicamente en la post- menopausia. La muestra fue compuesta de 83 mujeres, pertenecientes al municipio de Natal (Río Grande do Norte) de Brasil; pertenecientes al programa “Natal Activa”, con edad media de 59,7 ± 8,08 años. Se aplicó un cuestionario para analizar la frecuencia del consumo alimenticio, un cuestionario de actividad física, una anamnesis clínica, una evaluación antropométrica, exámenes bioquímicos y un diagnóstico del Síndrome Metabólico. Los resultados mostraron que las mujeres activas consumen más alimentos protectores que las mujeres inactivas. La prevalencia del síndrome metabólico en las mujeres inactivas fue mayor que en las mujeres activas, además, existe la necesidad de cambiar dichos hábitos en esta población, pudiéndose alcanzar así mayores cambios corporales y metabólicos, minimizando la incidencia del síndrome metabólico en los dos grupos.

PALABRAS CLAVE: post-menopausia, síndrome metabólico, dieta y actividad física.

 

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to observe the dietary intake and the prevalence of metabolic syndrome in physically active and inactive women in the postmenopause. The sample was composed of 83 women, from the municipality of Natal (Rio Grande do Norte) in Brazil; from the "Natal Active" program, with an average age of 59.7 ± 8.08 years old. A questionnaire to analyze the frequency of food consumption, physical activity questionnaire, a clinical anamnesis, anthropometric evaluation, biochemical tests and a diagnosis of metabolic syndrome was applied. The results showed that active women consume more protective foods than inactive women. The prevalence of metabolic syndrome in inactive women was higher than in active women, in addition, there is a need to change those habits in this population, being able thus to achieve greater physical and metabolic changes, minimizing the incidence of metabolic syndrome in both groups.


KEYWORDS: Post-menopause, metabolic syndrome, Diet and Physical Activity

 


Texto completo:

PDF PDF (English)

Referencias


Azambuja, C. R., Farinha, J. B., Rossi, D. S., Spohr, C. F., & Santos, D. L. d. (2015). O Diagnóstico da síndrome metabólica analisado sob diferentes critérios de definição. Revista Baiana de Saúde Pública, 39(3), 482. doi: https://doi.org/10.5327/Z0100-0233-2015390300002

Colpani, V., Oppermann, K., & Spritzer, P. M. (2013). Association between habitual physical activity and lower cardiovascular risk in premenopausal, perimenopausal, and postmenopausal women: a population-based study.

Menopause, 20(5), 525-531. doi: https://doi.org/10.1097/gme.0b013e318271b388

Després, J. P., Lemieux, I., Bergeron, J., Pibarot, P., Mathieu, P., Larose, E. Poirier, P. (2008). Abdominal obesity and the metabolic syndrome: contribution to global cardiometabolic risk. Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol, 28(6), 1039-1049. doi: https://doi.org/10.1161/ATVBAHA.107.159228

Fisberg, R. M., Marchioni, D. M. L., & Colucci, A. C. A. (2009). Avaliação do consumo alimentar e da ingestão de nutrientes na prática clínica. Arquivos Brasileiros de Endocrinologia & Metabologia, 53(5), 617-624. doi: https://doi.org/10.1590/S0004-27302009000500014

Garber, C. E., Blissmer, B., Deschenes, M. R., Franklin, B. A., Lamonte, M. J., Lee, I.-M., . . . Swain, D. P. (2011). American College of Sports Medicine position stand. Quantity and quality of exercise for developing and maintaining cardiorespiratory, musculoskeletal, and neuromotor fitness in apparently healthy adults: guidance for prescribing exercise. Medicine and science in sports and exercise, 43(7), 1334-1359. doi: https://doi.org/10.1249/MSS.0b013e318213fefb

Godoy-Matos, A., Oliveira, J., Guedes, E., Carraro, L., Lopes, A., Mancini, M., Mombach, K. (2009). Diretrizes brasileiras de obesidade 2009/2010. Associação Brasileira para o Estudo da Obesidade e da Síndrome Metabólica (ABESO).

Huang, Y., & Liu, X. (2014). Leisure-time physical activity and the risk of metabolic syndrome: meta-analysis. Eur J Med Res, 19(22), 5.5-6.9. doi: https://doi.org/10.1186/2047-783X-19-22

Janssen, I., Powell, L. H., Kazlauskaite, R., & Dugan, S. A. (2010). Testosterone and visceral fat in midlife women: the Study of Women's Health Across the Nation (SWAN) fat patterning study. Obesity, 18(3), 604-610. doi: https://doi.org/10.1038/oby.2009.251

Jouyandeh, Z., Nayebzadeh, F., Qorbani, M., & Asadi, M. (2013). Metabolic syndrome and menopause. Journal of Diabetes & Metabolic Disorders, 12(1), 1. doi: https://doi.org/10.1186/2251-6581-12-1

Khalfa, A., Zemmour, L., Fatah, A., & Mekki, K. (2015). Prevalence of metabolic syndrome in west algerian menopausal women. Paper presented at the Annales de Cardiologie et d'Angéiologie.

Lipschitz, D. A. (1994). Screening for nutritional status in the elderly. Primary care, 21(1), 55-67.

Manheimer, E. W., van Zuuren, E. J., Fedorowicz, Z., & Pijl, H. (2015). Paleolithic nutrition for metabolic syndrome: systematic review and meta-analysis. The American journal of clinical nutrition, 102(4), 922-932. doi: https://doi.org/10.3945/ajcn.115.113613

Marfell-Jones, M., Olds, T., Stewart, A., & Carter, L. (2006). International Standards for Anthropometric Assessment. Potchefstroom, South Africa: ISAK.

Matsudo, S., Araújo, T., Marsudo, V., Andrade, D., Andrade, E., & Braggion, G. (2001). Questionário internacional de atividade física (IPAQ): estudo de validade e reprodutibilidade no Brasil. Rev. bras. ativ. fís. saúde, 6(2), 05- 18. doi: 10.12820/rbafs.v.6n2p5-18

Mendes, K. G., Theodoro, H., Rodrigues, A. D., & Olinto, M. T. A. (2012). Prevalência de síndrome metabólica e seus componentes na transição menopáusica: uma revisão sistemática Prevalence of metabolic síndrome and its components in the menopausal transition. Cad. saúde pública, 28(8), 1423-1437. doi: https://doi.org/10.1590/S0102-311X2012000800002

Molina, E., Ducaud, P., Bustamante, I., León-Prados, J., & Otero-Saborido, F. (2015). Variación en la densidad mineral ósea inducida por ejercicio en mujeres posmenopáusicas/Variation of Bone Mineral Density Induced by Exercise in Postmenopausal Women pp. 527-541. Revista Internacional de Medicina y Ciencias de la Actividad Física y del Deporte(59). doi: https://doi.org/10.15366/rimcafd2015.59.008

National Cholesterol Education Program, N. (2001). Third report of the National Cholesterol Education Program (NCEP). Expert Panel on detection, evaluation, and treatment of high blood cholesterol in adults (adult treatment panel III): Executive summary. Bethesda: National Cholesterol Education Program National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute/National Institutes of Health.

National Heart, L., & Institute, B. (2000). The practical guide: identification, evaluation, and treatment of overweight and obesity in adults. US Department of Health and Human Services Public Health Service, National Institutes of Health. In, Bethesda, MD, NIH.

Neumann, A. I. d. L. C. P., Shirassu, M. M., & Fisberg, R. M. (2006). Consumo de alimentos de risco e proteção para doenças cardiovasculares entre funcionários públicos; Consumption of protective and promotive foods in cardiovascular diseases among public employees. Rev. nutr, 19(1), 19-28. doi: https://doi.org/10.1590/S1415-52732006000100002

Organization, W. H. (2002). The world health report 2002: reducing risks, promoting healthy life: World Health Organization.

Pang, Z., Zhang, D., Li, S., Duan, H., Hjelmborg, J., Kruse, T. A., . . . Tan, Q. (2010). Multivariate modelling of endophenotypes associated with the metabolic syndrome in Chinese twins. Diabetologia, 53(12), 2554-2561. doi: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00125-010-1907-5

Perini, T. A., Oliveira, G. L., Ornellas, J. S., & Oliveira, F. P. (2005). Cálculo do erro técnico de medição em antropometria. Revista Brasileira de Medicina do Esporte, 11(1), 81-85. doi: https://doi.org/10.1590/S1517-86922005000100009

Ribeiro, A. C., Sávio, K. E. O., Rodrigues, M. d. L. C. F., Costa, T. H. M. d., & Schmitz, B. d. A. S. (2006). Validação de um questionário de freqüência de consumo alimentar para população adulta; Validation of a food frequency questionnaire for the adult population. Rev. nutr, 19(5), 553-562. doi: https://doi.org/10.1590/S1415-52732006000500003

Ribeiro Alves, M., Lima, N. G. G. P., & Oliveira, S. F. d. (2015). Evaluation of funtional foods consumption of individuals with metabolic syndrome. Revista Rede de Cuidados em Saúde, 9(1). doi: https://doi.org/10.1590/SO100-720320140005138

Santos, E. F., Marcellini, P. S., De Melo, M. G. D., & Almeida, M. L. (2008). Avaliação do consumo alimentar e do perfil lipídico de mulheres na menopausa. Rev Bras Anal Clin, 40(4), 267-271.

Steemburgo, T., Dall Alba, V., Gross, J. L., & Azevedo, M. J. d. (2007). Fatores dietéticos e síndrome metabólica. Arquivos brasileiros de endocrinología & metabologia= Brazilian archives of endocrinology and metabolism. São

Paulo. Vol. 51, n. 9 (dec. 2007), p. 1425-1433. doi: https://doi.org/10.1590/S0004-27302007000900004

Yu, Z., Ye, X., Wang, J., Qi, Q., Franco, O. H., Rennie, K. L., . . . Hu, F. B. (2009). Associations of physical activity with inflammatory factors, adipocytokines, and metabolic syndrome in middle-aged and older chinese people.

Circulation, 119(23), 2969-2977. doi: https://doi.org/10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.108.833574

Zhang, S., Liu, X., Yu, Y., Hong, X., Christoffel, K. K., Wang, B., Wang, X. (2009). Genetic and Environmental Contributions to Phenotypic Components of Metabolic Syndrome: A Population-based Twin Study. Obesity, 17(8), 1581-1587.

doi: https://doi.org/10.1038/oby.2009.125




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15366/rimcafd2018.70.006

Enlaces refback

  • No hay ningún enlace refback.