Núm. 68 (2017)

Efectos del entrenamiento con sobrecargas isoinerciales sobre la función muscular / Effects of Inertial Overload Resistance Training on Muscle Function

F. Mosteiro-Muñoz
Departamento de Ciencias de la Actividad Física y el Deporte, Universidad Alfonso X El Sabio (España)
R. Domínguez
Departamento de Ciencias de la Actividad Física y el Deporte, Universidad Alfonso X El Sabio (España)
Publicado diciembre 21, 2017
Cómo citar
Mosteiro-Muñoz, F., & Domínguez, R. (2017). Efectos del entrenamiento con sobrecargas isoinerciales sobre la función muscular / Effects of Inertial Overload Resistance Training on Muscle Function. Revista Internacional De Medicina Y Ciencias De La Actividad Física Y Del Deporte, (68). https://doi.org/10.15366/rimcafd2017.68.011


El entrenamiento de fuerza debe incluirse en todos los programas de ejercicio encaminados a mejorar la salud y la calidad de vida. Los programas de entrenamiento de fuerza han priorizado los regímenes de contracción concéntricos a los excéntricos, sin embargo, actualmente se está realizando un tipo de entrenamiento de fuerza basado en contracciones excéntricas mediante sobrecargas de tipo inercial. Por tanto, el objetivo del presente trabajo de revisión bibliográfica ha sido comprobar los efectos de este tipo de entrenamiento basado en contracciones excéntricas mediante sobrecargas de tipo inercial sobre la función muscular. Para ello se realizó una búsqueda bibliográfica en las bases de datos Web of Science, Pubmed, Medline, Dialnet y Scielo. Los resultados de nuestra revisión sugieren que este tipo de entrenamiento da lugar a una mayor actividad electromiográfica e hipertrofia muscular con respecto a programas de entrenamiento convencionales, al tiempo que podrían ser efectivos en la recuperación de lesiones músculo-tendinosas.

PALABRAS CLAVE: excéntrico, volante carga inercial, resistencia inercial, entrenamiento fuerza, fuerza.


Resistance training should be included in all exercise programmes which improve health and quality of live. These programmes have been focusing on both concentric-eccentric contractions, however, a new type of resistance training based on eccentric contractions provided by inertial overload is being carried out. Therefore, the aim of the present study is to prove the effects of this kind of training based on eccentric contractions by inertial overload. Databases utilized to carry out information research were Web of Science, Pubmed, Medline, Dialnetand Scielo. Results would suggest that inertial training based on inertial overload produces maximal EMG and an earlier muscular hypertrophy compared to conventional resistance training, besides the fact it could have successful on muscle-tendon injuries.

KEYWORDS: eccentric, flywheel inertial loading, inertial resistance, resistance training, strength.


Los datos de descargas todavía no están disponibles.


Akima, H., Takahashi, H., Kuno, S.Y., Masuda, K., Masuda, T., Shimojo, H… Katsuta, S. (1999). Early phase adaptations of muscle use and strength to isokinetic training. Medicine and Science in Sports Exercise, 31 (4), 588–594.

Bamman, M.M., Shipp, J.R., Jiang, J., Gower, B.A., Hunter, G.R., Goodman, A., McLafferty, C.L. y Urban, R.J. (2001). Mechanical load increases muscle IGF-I and androgen receptor mRNA concentrations in humans. American Journal of Physiology – Endocrinology and Metabolism, 280 (3), 383–390.

Bassett, D.R. y Howley, E.T. (2000). Limiting factors for máximum oxygen uptake and determinants of endurance performance. Medicine and Science in Sports Exercise, 32 (1), 70–84.

Berg, H.E. y Tesch, P.A. (1996). Changes in muscle function in response to 10 days of lower limb unloading in humans. Acta Physiologica Scandinavica, 157 (1), 63–70.

Braun, W.A. y Dutto, D.J. (2003). The effects of a single bout of downhill running and ensuing delayed onset of muscle soreness on running economy performed 48 h later. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 90 (1-2), 29-34.

Brooks, N., Layne, J.E., Gordon, P.L., Roubenoff, R., Nelson, M.E. y Castaneda-Sceppa, C. (2007). Strength training improves muscle quality and insulin sensitivity in Hispanic older adults with type 2 diabetes. International Journal in Medicine and Science, 4 (1), 19-27.

Brzenczek-Owczarzak, W., Naczk, M., Arlet, J., Forjasz, J., Jedrzejczak, T. y Adach, Z. (2013). Estimation of the Efficacy of Inertial Training in Older women. Journal of Aging and Physical Activity, 21 (4), 433-443.

Chapman, D., Newton, M., Sacco, P. y Nosaka, K. (2008). Greater muscle damage induced by fast versus slow velocity eccentric exercise. International Journal of Sports Medicine, 27(8), 591-598.

Cheung, K., Hume, P., and Maxwell, L. (2003). Delayed onset muscle soreness: Treatment strategies and performance factors. Sports Medicine, 33 (2), 145-164.

Chiu, L.Z.F. y Salem, J.G. (2006). Comparison of joint kinetics during free weight and flywheel resistance exercise. Journal of Strength and Conditionating Research, 20 (3), 555-562.

Chung, J.Y., Kang, H.T., Lee, D.C., Lee, H.R. y Lee, Y.J. (2013). Body composition and its association with cardiometabolic risk factors in the elderly: A focus on sarcopenic obesity. Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics, 56 (1), 270-278.

Clark, D.J., Condliffe, E.G. y Patten, C. (2006). Activation impairment alters muscle torque-velocity in the knee extensors of persons with post-stroke hemiparesis. Clinical Neurophysiology, 117 (10), 2328–2337.

Crewther, B., Cronin, J. y Keogh, J. (2006). Possible stimuli for strength and power adaptation: acute metabolic responses. Sports Medicine, 36, 65-78.

Fernández-Gonzalo, R., Nissemark, C., Tesch, P.A. y Sojka, P. (2014). Chronic stroke patients show early and robust improvements in muscle and functional performance in response to eccentric-overload flywheel resistance training: a pilot study. Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation, 11, 150.

Hawke, T.J. (2005). Muscle stem cells and exercise training. Exercise and Sport Sciences Reviews, 33 (2), 63-68.

Hedlund, M., Sojka, P., Lundstrom, R. y Lindstrom, B. (2012). Insufficient loading in stroke subjects during conventional resistance training. Advances in Physiotherapy, 14, 18–28.

Hruda, K.V., Hicks, A.L., y McCartney, N. (2003). Training for muscle power in older adults: Effects on functional abilities. Canadian Journal of Applied Physiology, 28 (2), 178-189.

Hubal, M.J., Gordish-Dressman, H., Thompson, P.D., Price, T.B., Hoffman E.P., Angelopoulos, T.J… Clarkson, P.M. (2005). Variability in muscle size and strength gain after unilateral resistance training. Medicine and Science in Sports Exercise, 37 (6), 964–972.

Hunter. G.R., McCarthy, J.P. y Bamman, M.M. (2004). Effects of resistance training on older adults. Sports Medicine, 34 (5), 329-48.

Komi, P.V. y Buskirk, E.R. (1972). Effect of eccentric and concentric muscle conditioning on tension and electrical activity of human muscle. Ergonomics, 15 (4) 417–434.

LaStayo, P.C., Woolf, J.M., Lewek, M.D., Snyder-Mackler, L., Reich, T. y Lindstedt, S.L. (2003). Eccentric muscle contractions: their contribution to injury, prevention, rehabilitation and sport. Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy, 33 (10), 557-571.

Moore, D.R., Phillips, S.M., Babraj, J.A., Smith, K. y Rennie, M.J. (2005). Myofibrillar and collagen protein synthesis in human skeletal muscle in young men after maximal shortening and lengthening contractions. American Journal of Physiology – Endocrinology and Metabolism, 288 (6), 1153–1159.

Moritani, T., Muramatsu, S. y Muro, M. (1987). Activity of motor units during concentric and eccentric contractions. American Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 66 (6), 338–350.

Moritani, T. y deVries, H.A. (1979). Neural factors versus hypertrophy in the time course of muscle strength gain. American Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 58 (3), 115–130.

Moysi, J.S., García-Romero, J.C., Alvero-Cruz, J,R., Vicente-Rodríguez, G., Ara, I., Dorado, C. y Calbet, J.A. (2005). Effects of eccentric exercise on cycling efficiency. Canadian Journal of Applied Physiology, 30 (3), 259-275.

Narici, M., Kayser, B., Barattini, P. y Cerretelli, P. (2003). Effects of 17-day spaceflight on electrically evoked torque and cross-sectional area of the human triceps surae. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 90, 275–282.

Norrbrand, L., Fluckey, J.D., Pozzo, M. y Tesch, P.A. (2008). Resistance training using eccentric overload induces early adaptations in skeletal muscle size. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 102 (3), 271-281.

Norrbrand, L., Pozzo, M. y Tesch, P.A. (2010). Flywheel resistance training calls for greater eccentric muscle activation than weight training. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 110(5), 997-1005.

Nosaka, K., Newton, M., y Sacco, P. (2002). Muscle damage and soreness after endurance exercise of the elbow flexors. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 34 (6), 920-927.

Onambele, G.L., Maganaris, C.N., Mian, O.S., Tam, E., Rejc, E., McEwan, I.M., y Narici, M.V. (2008). Neuromuscular and balance responses to flywheel inertial versus weight training in older persons. Journal of Biomechanics, 41, 3133–3138.

Onambele, G.N., Bruce, S.A., Woledge, R.C. (2004). Effects of voluntary activation level on force exerted by human adductor pollicis muscle during rapid stretches. European Journal of Physiology, 448 (4), 457–461.

Ratamess, N.A., Albar, B.A., Evetoch, T.K., Housh, T. J., Kibler, W.B., Kraemer, W.J. y Triplett, N.T. (2009). Special Communication. American College of Sports Medicine Position Stand: Progression models in resistance training for healthy adults. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 41 (3), 687-708.

Reeves, N.D., Maganaris, C.N. y Narici, M.V. (2003). Effect of strength training on human patella tendon mechanical properties of older individuals. Journal of Physiology, 548 (3), 971–981.

Reeves, N.D., Maganaris, C.N., Ferretti, G. y Narici, M.V. (2005). Influence of 90-day simulated microgravity on human tendon mechanical properties and the effect of resistive countermeasures. Journal of Applied Physiology, 98 (6), 2278-2286.

Reina-Ramos, C. y Domínguez, R. (2014). Entrenamiento con restricción del flujo sanguíneo e hipertrofia muscular. RICYDE. Revista Internacional de Ciencias del Deporte, 38 (10), 366-382.

Rittweger, J., Felsenberg, D., Maganaris, C. y Ferretti, J.L. (2007). Vertical jump performance after 90 days bed rest with and without flywheel resistive exercise, including a 180 days follow-up. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 100 (4), 427-436.

Romero-Rodríguez, D., Gual, G., y Tesch, P.A. (2011). Efficacy of an inertial resistance training paradigm in the treatment of patellar tendinopathy in athletes: A case-series study.Physical Therapy in Sport, 12 (1), 43–48.

Ryan, A.S., Buscemi, A., Forrester, L., Hafer-Macko, C.E. y Ivey, F.M. (2011). Atrophy and intramuscular fat in specific muscles of the thigh: associated weakness and hyperinsulinemia in stroke survivors. Neurorehabilitation and Neural Repair, 25 (9), 865–872.

Sale, D.G. (1988). Neural adaptation to resistance training. Medicine and Science in Sports Exercise, 20 (5), 135–145.

Schilling, B.K., Karlage, R.E., LeDoux, M.S., Pfeiffer, R.F., Weiss, L.W. y Falvo, M.J. (2009). Impaired leg extensor strength in individuals with Parkinson disease and relatedness to functional mobility. Parkinsonism and Related Disorders, 15 (10), 776–780.

Seynnes, O.R., de Boer, M., y Narici, M.V. (2007). Early skeletal muscle hypertrophy and architectural changes in response to high-intensity resistance training. Journal of Applied Physiology, 102, 368–373.

Smith, R.A., Martin, G.J., Szivak, T.K., Comstock, B.A., Dunn-Lewis, C., Hooper, D.R… Kraemer, W.J. (2014). The Effects of Resistance Training Prioritization in NCAA Division I Football Summer Training. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 28 (1), 14–22.

Tesch, P.A., Ekberg, A., Lindquist, D.M. y Trieschmann, J.T. (2004). Muscle hypertrophy following 5-week resistance training using a nongravity-dependent exercise system. Acta Physiologica Scandinavica, 180 (1), 89–98.

Tous, J. (2010). Entrenamiento de la fuerza mediante sobrecargas excéntricas. En Romero, D. y Tous, J. (ed.). Prevención de lesiones en el deporte: claves para un rendimiento deportivo óptimo (pp. 217-23). Madrid: Editorial Médica Panamericana.

Wickiewicz, T.L., Roy, R.R., Powell, P.L. y Edgerton, V.R. (1983). Muscle architecture of the human lower limb. Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research, 179, 275–283.

Woo, S.L., Gomez, M.A., Woo, Y.K. y Akeson, W.H. (1982). Mechanical properties of tendons and ligaments. II. The relationships of immobilization and exercise on tissue remodeling. Biorheology, 19 (3), 397–408.

Woo, S.L., Matthews, J.V., Akeson, W.H., Amiel, D. y Convery, F.R. (1975). Connective tissue response to immobility. Correlative study of biomechanical and biochemical measurements of normal and immobilized rabbit knees. Arthritis and Rheumatology, 18 (3), 257–264.

Woolstenhulme, M.T., Conlee, R.K., Drummond, M.J., Stites, A.W. y Parcell A.C. (2006). Temporal response of desmin and dystrophin proteins to progressive resistance exercise in human skeletal muscle. Journal of Applied Physiology, 100, 1876–1882.

Young, W., Newton, R.U., Doyle, T.L., Chapman, D., Cormack, S., Stewart, T. y Dawson, B. (2005). Physiological and anthropometric characteristics of starters and nonstarters and playing positions in elite Australian Rules Football: a case study. Journal of Science in Medicine and Sport, 8 (3), 333–345.

Yu, J.G., Furst, D.O., and Thornell, L.E. (2003). The mode of myofibril remodelling in human skeletal muscle affected by DOMS induced by eccentric contractions. Histochemistry and Cell Biology, 119 (5), 383-393.