Efectos del entrenamiento con sobrecargas isoinerciales sobre la función muscular / Effects of Inertial Overload Resistance Training on Muscle Function

F. Mosteiro-Muñoz, R. Domínguez

Resumen


El entrenamiento de fuerza debe incluirse en todos los programas de ejercicio encaminados a mejorar la salud y la calidad de vida. Los programas de entrenamiento de fuerza han priorizado los regímenes de contracción concéntricos a los excéntricos, sin embargo, actualmente se está realizando un tipo de entrenamiento de fuerza basado en contracciones excéntricas mediante sobrecargas de tipo inercial. Por tanto, el objetivo del presente trabajo de revisión bibliográfica ha sido comprobar los efectos de este tipo de entrenamiento basado en contracciones excéntricas mediante sobrecargas de tipo inercial sobre la función muscular. Para ello se realizó una búsqueda bibliográfica en las bases de datos Web of Science, Pubmed, Medline, Dialnet y Scielo. Los resultados de nuestra revisión sugieren que este tipo de entrenamiento da lugar a una mayor actividad electromiográfica e hipertrofia muscular con respecto a programas de entrenamiento convencionales, al tiempo que podrían ser efectivos en la recuperación de lesiones músculo-tendinosas.

PALABRAS CLAVE: excéntrico, volante carga inercial, resistencia inercial, entrenamiento fuerza, fuerza.

ABSTRACT

Resistance training should be included in all exercise programmes which improve health and quality of live. These programmes have been focusing on both concentric-eccentric contractions, however, a new type of resistance training based on eccentric contractions provided by inertial overload is being carried out. Therefore, the aim of the present study is to prove the effects of this kind of training based on eccentric contractions by inertial overload. Databases utilized to carry out information research were Web of Science, Pubmed, Medline, Dialnetand Scielo. Results would suggest that inertial training based on inertial overload produces maximal EMG and an earlier muscular hypertrophy compared to conventional resistance training, besides the fact it could have successful on muscle-tendon injuries.

KEYWORDS: eccentric, flywheel inertial loading, inertial resistance, resistance training, strength.


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Referencias


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15366/rimcafd2017.68.011

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