Pilates Mat y composición corporal de mujeres posmenopáusicas. Estudio densitométrico / Pilates Mat and Body Composition of Postmenopausal Women. Densitometric Study

S. Aguado-Henche, C. Clemente de Arriba, R. Rodríguez-Torres

Resumen


El objetivo de este trabajo es cuantificar, mediante Absorciometría Dual Fotónica de Rayos- X (DXA), las modificaciones de la composición corporal que la práctica de Pilates Mat produce en mujeres posmenopaúsicas de vida sedentaria. Tras un programa de ejercicios de 9 meses de duración a razón de 2 sesiones por semana de 60 minutos cada una, se observó un aumento significativo del compartimento muscular a nivel de tronco (p=0,028), abdomen (p=0,010) y brazos (p=0,042), así como una disminución significativa de la grasa de las piernas (p=0,000). La densidad mineral ósea de la columna lumbar (L2, L3 y L4) también aumentó de forma significativa. Los resultados sugieren que la práctica de Pilates Mat en mujeres posmenopaúsicas mejora su composición corporal.

PALABRAS CLAVE: Ejercicio, posmenopausia, densitometría, Pilates.

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to quantify the changes in body composition after Mat Pilates practice in postmenopausal sedentary women using Dual X-ray Photon Absorptiometry (DXA). After a 9-month exercise program consisting of 2 sessions per week of 60 minutes each, a significant increase was observed in the muscle mass of the trunk (p = 0.028), abdomen (p = 0.010) and arms (p = 0.042). A significant decrease was observed in the leg fat mass (p = 0.000). Bone mineral density of the lumbar spine (L2, L3 and L4) also increased significantly. The results suggest that the practice of Mat Pilates in postmenopausal women improves their body composition.

KEY WORDS: Exercise, postmenopause, densitometry, Pilates.


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Referencias


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15366/rimcafd2017.67.007

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