Intensidad del ejercicio en ciclismo indoor / Exercise Intensity During Indoor Cycling

C. Barbado, C. Foster, D. Vicente-Campos, J. López-Chicharro

Resumen


El objetivo de este estudio fue cuantificar la intensidad de una sesión de ciclismo indoor. 300 sujetos experimentados realizaron una sesión en la que se  registró la FC media entre el minuto 1-15 (FCmedia1), minuto 16-30 (FCmedia2), y minuto 31-intensidad pico de la sesión (FCmedia3). Se obtuvieron valores de RPE en el minuto 15 (RPE15), 30 (RPE30), y 45 (RPE45). La FC media de la sesión fue 144.84 ± 15.59 lpm. La FCmedia1, FCmedia2 y FCmedia3 fue 135.37 ± 16.50 lpm, 148.84 ± 15.85 lpm, y 153.79 ± 16.66 lpm, respectivamente. La RPE15, RPE30 y RPE45 fue 5.39 ± 1.72, 7.14 ± 1.34 y 7.14 ± 2.44, respectivamente. Las correlaciones bivariadas entre la FC y la RPE mostraron correlación significativa en el minuto 15 (r=0.336; p<0.01), 30 (r=0.291; p<0.01), y 45 (r=0.459; p<0.01). Estos datos sugieren que el ciclismo indoor puede ser una actividad de alta intensidad.

PALABRAS CLAVE: Spinning, cardiovascular, ejercicio en grupo, bici, fitness

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to quantify the intensity linked to an indoor cycling session. 300 healthy experienced subjects performed an indoor cycling session while HR was recorded between minute 1-15 (HRmean1), 16-30 min (HRmean2) and 31 min to the peak intensity of the session (HRmean3). RPE values were obtained at 15 min (RPE15), 30 min (RPE30) and 45 min (RPE45). Mean HR of the session was 144.84 ± 15.59 bpm. HRmean1, HRmean2 and HRmean3 were 135.37 ± 16.50 bpm, 148.84 ± 15.85 bpm, and 153.79 ± 16.66 bpm, respectively. RPE15, RPE30 and RPE45 values were 5.39 ± 1.72, 7.14 ± 1.34 and 7.14 ± 2.44, respectively. Bivariate correlations made between HR and RPE values showed significant correlation at 15 (r=0.336; p<0.01), 30 (r=0.291; p<0.01), and 45 (r=0.459; p<0.01) min. These data suggest that indoor cycling can be a vigorous intensity activity.

KEY WORDS: Spinning, cardiovascular, group exercise, bike, fitness.


Texto completo:

ESP ENG

Referencias


Barbado C. Manual de ciclo indoor. Barcelona: Paidotribo; 2005.

Antonacci L, Mortimer LF, Rodrigues VM, Coelho DB, Soares DD, Silami-Garcia E. Competition, estimated, and test maximum heart rate. J Sports Med Phys Fitness 2007; 47:418-21.

López-Miñarro P, Muyor Rodríguez J. Heart rate and overall ratings of perceived exertion during spinning® cycle indoor session in novice adults. Science & Sports. 2009; DOI:10.1016/j.scispo.2009.11.003

Bianco A, Bellafiore M, Battaglia G, Paoli A, Caramazza G, Farina F, et al. The effects of indoor cycling training in sedentary overweight women. J Sports Med Phys Fitness 2010;50:159-65.

Barbado C, Barranco D. Manual avanzado de ciclo indoor. Barcelona: Paidotribo; 2007.

Crumpton S, Scharff-Olson M, Williford H, Bradford A, Walker S. The effects of A commercially-produced" spinning" video: Aerobic responses and caloric expenditure. Med Sci Sports Exerc 1999;31(5):S112. https://doi.org/10.1097/00005768-199905001-00415

Francis, P, Stavig-Witucki, A, and Buono,MJ. Physiological response to a typical studio cycling session. Am Coll Sports Med Health Fitness J 1999;3:30–36. https://doi.org/10.1249/00135124-199901000-00010

Scharff-Olson M, Williford H, Bradford A, Walker S, Crumpton S. Physiological and subjective psychological responses to group cycling exercise. Med Sci Sports Exerc 1999;31(5):S112. https://doi.org/10.1097/00005768-199905001-00418

Richey R, Zabik R, Dawson M. Effect of bicycle spinning on heart rate, oxygen consumption, respiratory exchange ratio, and caloric expenditure. Med Sci Sports Exerc 1999;31(5):S160. https://doi.org/10.1097/00005768-199905001-00691

Battista RA, Foster C, Andrew J, Wright G, Lucia A, and Porcari JP. Physiologic responses during indoor cycling. J Strength Cond Res 2008;22:1236–41. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0b013e318173dbc4

Caria MA, Tangianu F, Concu A, Crisafulli A, Mameli O. Quantification of spinning bike performance during a standard 50-minute class. J Sports Sci 2007;25:421-9. https://doi.org/10.1080/02640410600718533

Piacentini, M.F., Gianfelici, A., Faina, M., Figura, F., and Capranica, M. Evaluation of intensity during an interval spinning® session: A field study. Sport Sciences for Health 2009;5:29-36. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11332-009-0073-y

Fox SM, 3, Naughton JP, Haskell WL. Physical activity and the prevention of coronary heart disease. Ann Clin Res 1971;3:404-32.

Green JM, Pritchett RC, Crews TR, Tucker DC, McLester JR, Wickwire PJ. RPE drift during cycling in 18 degrees C vs 30 degrees C wet bulb globe temperature. J Sports Med Phys Fitness 2007;47:18-24.

Hazelhurst LT, Claassen N. Gender differences in the sweat response during spinning exercise. J Strength Cond Res 2006;20:723-4.

Robertson RJ, Goss FL, Dube J, Rutkowski J, Dupain M, Brennan C, et al. Validation of the adult OMNI scale of perceived exertion for cycle ergometer exercise. Med Sci Sports Exerc 2004;36:102-8. https://doi.org/10.1249/01.MSS.0000106169.35222.8B

Ferrán Aranaz M. SPSS para windows. Programación y análisis estadístico. Mc Graw Hill.; 1996.

Garber CE, Blissmer B, Deschenes MR, Franklin BA, Lamonte MJ, Lee I. Quantity and quality of exercise for developing and maintaining cardiorespiratory, musculoskeletal, and neuromotor fitness in apparently healthy adults: Guidance for prescribing exercise. Med Sci Sports Exerc 2011;43:1334-59. https://doi.org/10.1249/MSS.0b013e318213fefb

Barbado C, Barranco D. Manual Etapa I. Team ICG. In press 2009.

Barbado C. El ciclo indoor como actividad física saludable. Revista Española de Educación Física y Deportes 2011;394:53-68.

Kang J, Chaloupka EC, Mastrangelo MA, Hoffman JR, Ratamess NA, O'Connor E. Metabolic and perceptual responses during spinning cycle exercise. Med Sci Sports Exerc 2005;37:853-9. https://doi.org/10.1249/01.MSS.0000161826.28186.76

Robergs RA, Landwehr R. The surprising history of the "HRmax= 220-age" equation. J Exerc Physiol 2002;5:1-10.

Tanaka H, Monahan KD, Seals DR. Age-predicted maximal heart rate revisited. J Am Coll Cardiol 2001;37:153-6. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0735-1097(00)01054-8

Borg GA. Psychophysical bases of perceived exertion. Med Sci Sports Exerc 1982;14:377-81. https://doi.org/10.1249/00005768-198205000-00012

Borg GA. Perceived exertion: A note on "history" and methods. Med Sci Sports 1973;5:90-3. https://doi.org/10.1249/00005768-197300520-00017

Green JM, McLester JR, Crews TR, Wickwire PJ, Pritchett RC, Redden A. RPE-lactate dissociation during extended cycling. Eur J Appl Physiol 2005;94:145-50. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00421-004-1311-2

Green JM, McLester JR, Crews TR, Wickwire PJ, Pritchett RC, Lomax RG. RPE association with lactate and heart rate during high-intensity interval cycling. Med Sci Sports Exerc 2006;38:167-72. https://doi.org/10.1249/01.mss.0000180359.98241.a2

Potteiger JA, Schroeder JM, Goff kL. Influence of music on ratings of perceived exertion during 20 minutes of moderate intensity exercise. Percept Mot Skills 2000;91:848-54. https://doi.org/10.2466/pms.2000.91.3.848

Shaulov N, Lufi D. Music and light during indoor cycling. Percept Mot Skills 2009;108:597-607. https://doi.org/10.2466/pms.108.2.597-607

Yamashita S, Iwai K, Akimoto T, Sugawara J, Kono I. Effects of music during exercise on RPE, heart rate and the autonomic nervous system. J Sports Med Phys Fitness 2006;46:425-30.

Waterhouse J, Hudson P, Edwards B. Effects of music tempo upon submaximal cycling performance. Scand J Med Sci Sports 2010;20:662-9. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-0838.2009.00948.x

Marsh AP, Martin PE. Perceived exertion and the preferred cycling cadence. Med Sci Sports Exerc 1998;30:942-8.

Garcin M, Vautier JF, Vandewalle H, Wolff M, Monod H. Ratings of perceived exertion (RPE) during cycling exercises at constant power output. Ergonomics 1998;41:1500-9. https://doi.org/10.1080/001401398186234

Montain SJ, Coyle EF. Influence of graded dehydration on hyperthermia and cardiovascular drift during exercise. J Appl Physiol 1992;73:1340-50.

Mora-Rodriguez R. Influence of aerobic fitness on thermoregulation during exercise in the heat. Exerc Sport Sci Rev 2012;40:79-87. https://doi.org/10.1097/JES.0b013e318246ee56

Mora-Rodriguez R, Del Coso J, Aguado-Jimenez R, Estevez E. Separate and combined effects of airflow and rehydration during exercise in the heat. Med Sci Sports Exerc 2007;39:1720-6. https://doi.org/10.1249/mss.0b013e3180de4dad




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15366/rimcafd2017.67.006

Enlaces refback

  • No hay ningún enlace refback.