Influencia de la agresividad sobre el rendimiento de equipos de fútbol en España / The Influence of Aggressiveness on the Performance of Football Teams in Spain

P.A García García, J.A. Martínez, F.J. González-Gómez

Resumen


La agresividad es un concepto complejo de definir, y que engloba aquellas acciones encaminadas a dañar al rival. Pueden estar justificadas como un instrumento para conseguir el objetivo del equipo o ser una manifestación de violencia explícita. El objeto de esta investigación es comprobar si esa creencia sobre el juego agresivo tiene soporte empírico, al analizar su influencia en la variación en el marcador en los partidos disputados en la 1ª división de la liga española de fútbol durante las temporadas 2007/2008 y 2008/2009. Para ello, se distingue entre agresión instrumental y hostil como diferentes niveles de agresividad. Además, se mide el rendimiento de los equipos en relación al cambio en el marcador, una variable reflejada directamente sobre los goles, y no sobre otras variables de juego que pueden o no traducirse en cambios en el marcador. Los resultados muestran, globalmente, que la agresividad tiene efectos negativos sobre el rendimiento.

PALABRAS CLAVE: Agresividad, fútbol, rendimiento, agresión hostil, agresión instrumental, deportes

ABSTRACT

Aggressiveness is a complex concept to define and one which includes actions
intended to harm a rival. Such actions can be justified as a means to
achieving the goals of the team, or simply a manifestation of explicit violence. The aim of this research was to test whether the belief that aggressive play reaps benefits has empirical support byanalyzing its influence on the variation in the scoring of all matches in the 1st division of the Spanish football league, for the 2007/2008 and 2008/2009 seasons. In order to do so, we distinguished between instrumental and hostile aggression as different levels of aggressiveness. Furthermore, we measured the performance of teams through changes in the scoreboard, that is to say, when a goal is scored. Results derived from the estimation of five different models showed, overall, that aggressiveness has a negative impact on team performance.

KEYWORDS: Aggression, football, performance, hostile aggression, instrumental aggression, sports


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15366/rimcafd2017.66.007

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