Incidencia de lesiones deportivas en jugadores y jugadoras de baloncesto amateur / Injury Incidence Rate Among Amateur Basketball Players

L. López González, I. Rodríguez Costa, A. Palacios Cibrián

Resumen


El objetivo del presente estudio es conocer las tasas de incidencia lesional en entrenamiento y competición, tipos de lesión y tiempo de baja deportiva en jugadores/as de baloncesto amateur de las categorías comprendidas entre Benjamín y Senior. Se realizó un seguimiento de las lesiones sufridas en 25 equipos (289 jugadores/as de entre 8-34 años) adscritos a los juegos municipales y federados de la Comunidad de Madrid. Se contabilizaron 48 lesiones durante 10.961 Exposiciones de los jugadores/as a la actividad (AEs). Un 16,61% se lesionó durante este periodo. Las tasas de incidencia fueron 1,77-11,8/1.000 AEs para el sexo femenino y 3,63-9,3/1.000 AEs para el masculino en práctica y competición respectivamente. El esguince de ligamento fue el tipo de lesión más común (45,83%) y el esguince de tobillo el diagnóstico lesional más frecuente para la muestra total (20,83%). El mecanismo de lesión y tiempo de baja difirió entre sexos.

PALABRAS CLAVE: deporte, epidemiología, incidencia, lesiones, baloncesto, jugadores de baloncesto. 

ABSTRACT

The purpose of the present study was to determine the injury rate both in practice and competition, injury diagnoses and time loss in amateur basketball players within Benjamin and Senior categories. Injuries suffered in 25 teams (289 basketball players aged 8-34) were followed up as long as they were affiliated with municipal and federation competitions in Madrid (Spain). 48 injuries were sustained during 10961 athletes’ exposures (AEs). 16.61% of basketball players got injured during this time. Injury rate was 1.77-11.8 per 1000 AEs for girls and 3.63-9.3 per 1000 AEs for boys in practice and competition respectively. Ligament sprains became the most common injury diagnoses (45.83%) and ankle sprain the most common injury (20.83%). As for mechanisms that resulted in injury and time loss there were wide differences according to gender.

KEY WORDS: sport, epidemiology, incidence, injuries, basketball, basketball players. 


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Referencias


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15366/rimcafd2017.66.006

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