Percepción del ambiente para caminar según la localidad en Barranquilla, Colombia / Perception of the Environment for Walking According the Locality in Barranquilla, Colombia.

Y. Herazo Beltran, Y Pinillos Patiño, J. Vidarte Claros, D. Suarez Palacio, E. Crissien Quiroz

Resumen


El objetivo fue estimar la percepción del ambiente del barrio para caminar según la localidad de la ciudad. Se realizó un estudio descriptivo transversal en 2103 personas entre 15 y 69 años de edad. Se aplicó el Cuestionario Internacional de Actividad Física (IPAQ), y el Módulo Ambiente del International Physical Activity Study. Se estimó la asociación entre la percepción de los atributos del barrio y la localidad donde reside la persona. Los residentes del sur de la ciudad tienen mayor riego de percibir pocos supermercados a poca distancia de sus casas [OR 1,29(IC 95% 1,10-1,65)], aceras en mal estado [OR 1,44(IC 95% 1,10-1,90)], pocas personas físicamente activas [OR 4,13(IC 95% 2,50-6,82)], peligro para pasear durante el día[OR 3,07(IC 95% 1,96-4,80)], y pocas cosas interesantes en el vecindario [OR 3,21(IC 95% 2,05-5,02)].

PALABRAS CLAVE: actividad motora, salud pública y ambiente, percepción social

 

ABSTRACT

The objective was to estimate the perception of the neighborhood environment for walking according to the location of the city. A cross-sectional descriptive study was performed in 2103 people aged 15 to 69 years of age. We applied the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ) and the Environment Module of the International Physical Activity Study. We estimated the association between perceived attributes of the neighborhood and the locality where the person lives. The residents of the South of the city have a higher risk of perceiving a few supermarkets within walking distance of their homes [OR 1,29 (95% CI 1,10-1,65)], presence of sidewalks in bad condition [OR 1,44 (95% CI 1,10-1,90)], few people physically active [OR 4,13 (95% CI 2,50-6,82)], danger to stroll during the day [OR 3,07 (95% CI 1,96-4,80)] and few interesting things in the neighborhood [OR 3,21 (95% CI 2,05-5,02)].

KEYWORDS: Motor activity, environmental and public health, social perception


Texto completo:

ESP ENG

Referencias


World Health Organization. Global recommendations on physical activity for health. Geneva: 2010.

Escalante Y. Actividad física, ejercicio físico y condición física en el ámbito de la salud pública. Rev. Esp. Salud Pública 2011; 85(4): 325-328.

Lee IM, Shiroma EJ, Lobelo F, Puska P, Blair SN, Katzmarzyk PT. Effect of physical inactivity on major non-communicable diseases worldwide: an analysis of burden of disease and life expectancy. Lancet 2012; 380: 219-229.

Haskell W, Lee I, Pate RR, Powell KE, Blair ST, Franklin BA, et al. Physical activity and public health: updated recommendation for adults from the American College of Sports Medicine and the American Heart Association. Med. Sci. Sports Exerc 2007; 39(8): 1423-1434.

Pratt M, Macera CA, Sallis JF, O’Donnell M, Frank LD. Economic interventions to promote physical activity: applications of the SLOTH model. Am J Prev Med 2004; 27 (suppl 3): 136-145.

Hallal P, Andersen L, Bull F, Guthold R, Haskell W, Ekelund U. Global physical activity levels: surveillance progress, pitfalls, and prospects. Lancet. 2012; 380: 247-257.

Arango EF, Patiño FA, Quintero MA, Arenas MM. Levels of physical activity, barriers, and stage of change in an urban population from a municipality in Colombia. Colomb. Med 2011; 42(3): 352-361.

Gomez LF, Parra D, Buchner D, Brownson RC, Sarmiento O, Pinzón J. Built Environment Attributes and Walking Patterns Among the Elderly Population in Bogotá. Am J Prev Med 2010; 38(6): 592–599.

Hallal P, Gómez LF, Parra D, Lobelo F, Mosquera J, Florindo A, et al. Lecciones aprendidas después de 10 Años del uso de IPAQ en Brasil y Colombia. J Phys Act Health 2010; 7 (Suppl 2): 259-264.

Bauman AE, Reis RS, Sallis JF, Wells JC, Loos RF, Martin BW. Correlates of physical activity: why are some people physically active and others not? Lancet. 2012; 380: 258-271.

Fox KR, Hillsdon M, Sharp D, Cooper AR, Coulson JC, Davis M, et al. Neighbourhood deprivation and physical activity in UK older adults. Health & Place 2011; 17: 633-640.

Van Dyck, Cerin E, Conway T, Bourdeaudhuij I, Owen N, Kerr J. Perceived Neighborhood environmental attributes associated with adults' transport-related walking and cycling: Findings from the USA, Australia and Belgium. Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act 2012; 9:70 doi:10.1186/1479-5868-9-70

Van Dyck, Cardon G, Deforche B, Owen N, Sallis J, Bourdeaudhuij I. Neighborhood walkability and sedentary time in Belgian adults. Am J Prev Med 2010; 39(1) 25-32.

Baker PR, Francis DP, Soares J, Weightman AL, Foster C. Community wide interventions for increasing physical activity. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2011, Issue 4.

Yi Pan S, Cameron C, DesMeules M, Morrison H, Craig CL, Jiang X. Individual, social, environmental, and physical environmental correlates with physical activity among Canadians: a cross-sectional study. BMC Public Health 2009; 9:21: 1-12.

Sallis J, Saelens B, Frank L, Conway T, Slymen D, Cain K, et al. Neighborhood built environment and income: Examining multiple health outcomes. Social Science & Medicine 2009; 68: 1285–1293.

Álvarez LS. Los estilos de vida en salud: del individuo al contexto. Rev. Fac. Nac. Salud Pública 2012; 30(1): 95-101.

Cleland V, Ball K, Hume C, Timperio A, King A, Crawford D. Individual, social and environmental correlates of physical activity among women living in socioeconomically disadvantaged neighbourhoods. Social Science & Medicine 2010; 70: 2011-2018.

Mason P, Kearns A, Bond L. Neighborhood walking and regeneration in deprived communities. Health &Place 2011; 17: 727-737.

Davey RC, Hurst GL, Smith GR, Grogan SC, Kurth J. The impact and process of a community-led intervention on reducing environmental inequalities related to physical activity and healthy eating - a pilot study. BMC Public Health 2011; 11 (697): 2-8.

Sisco SM, Marsiske M. Neighborhood influences on late life cognition in the ACTIVE Study. J Aging Res 2012; 1-11.

Oyeyemi A, Adegoke B, Oyeyemi AY, Fatudimu B. Test-retest reliability of IPAQ environmental- module in an African population.Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act2008; 5 (38): 1-7.

Departamento Administrativo Nacional de Estadística (DANE). Censo General 2005. Bogotá. 2005.

International Physical Activity Questionnaire. Guidelines for data processing and analysis of the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ), in Short and Long Forms; 2005: 1-15.

IPS. Physical activity prevalence study environmental survey module. 2002. Available online: http://wwwrohan.sdsu.edu/faculty/sallis/IPAQIPS.pdf. Consultado Mayo 15 de 2011.

Florindo AA, Salvador EP, Reis RS, Guimarães VV. Percepção do ambiente e prática de atividade física em adultos residentes em região de baixo nível socioeconômico. Rev. Saúde Pública 2011; 45(2): 302-310.

Gómez LF, Sarmiento OL, Parra DC, Schmid TL, Pratt M, Jacoby E, et al. Characteristics of the Built Environment Associated With Leisure-Time Physical Activity Among Adults in Bogotá, Colombia: A Multilevel Study. J Phys Act Health2010; 7 (Suppl 2): 196-203.

Oyeyemi AL, Adegoke BO, Oyeyemi AY, Deforche B, Bourdeaudhuij I, Sallis JF. Environmental factors associated with overweight among adults in Nigeria.Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act2012; 9 (32):2-9.

Herazo BY, Domínguez AR. Percepción del ambiente y niveles de actividad física en adultos de un barrio de Cartagena. Rev. salud pública 2010; 12 (5): 744-753.

Gomes G, Reis RS, Parra DC, Ribeiro I, Hino A, Hallal PC, et al. Walking for leisure among adults from three Brazilian cities and its association with perceived environment attributes and personal factors. Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act 2011; 8 (111): 1-8.

Hallal PC, Reis RS, Parra DC, Hoehner C, Brownson RC, Simões EJ. Association between perceived environmental attributes and physical activity among adults in Recife, Brazil. J Phys Act Health 2010; 7 (Suppl 2): 213-222.

Jones A, Hillsdon M, Coombes E. Greenspace access, use, and physical activity: Understanding the effects of area deprivation. Preventive Medicine 2009; 49: 500-505.

Pearce JR, Maddison R. Do enhancements to the urban built environment improve physical activity levels among socially disadvantaged populations? Int J Equity Health 2011; 10 (28): 1-8.

Parra DC, Hoehner CM, Hallal PC, Ribeiro IC, Reis R, Brownson RC, et al. Perceived environmental correlates of physical activity for leisure and transportation in Curitiba, Brazil. Preventive Medicine 2011; 52: 234-238.

Corseuil WG, Schneider CI, Corseuil HX, Benedetti TB, d'Orsi E. Atividade física e percepção do ambiente em idosos: estudo populacional em Florianópolis. Rev. Saúde Pública 2012; 46 (3): 516-525.

De Farias JJ, Silva LA, Mota J, Santos MP, Ribeiro JC, Hallal PC. Perception of the social and built environment and physical activity among Northeastern Brazil adolescents. Preventive Medicine 2011; 52: 114-119.

Oliveira AJ, Lopes CS, Ponce de Leon A, Rostila M, Griep RH, Werneck GL, et al. Social support and leisure-time physical activity: longitudinal evidence from the Brazilian Pró-Saúde cohort study. Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act 2011; 8 (77): 1-10.

Cleland CL, Tully MA, Kee F, Cupples ME. The effectiveness of physical activity interventions in socio-economically disadvantaged communities: A systematic review. Preventive Medicine 2012; 54: 371-380.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15366/rimcafd2017.65.011

Enlaces refback

  • No hay ningún enlace refback.