Núm. 65 (2017)
Área 17. OTRAS (Salud Pública) / OTHERS (Public Health)

Fiabilidad de la versión española del Cuestionario de actividad física PAQ-C / Reliability of the Spanish Version of Questionnaire of Physical Activity PAQ-C

Publicado marzo 6, 2017

Resumen

Objetivo. El objetivo de esta investigación ha sido valorar en niños españoles la fiabilidad del cuestionario de actividad física en niños mayores (PAQ-C).

Método. Se utilizó como referencia la validación de la versión traducida al castellano del cuestionario de actividad física para adolescentes PAQ-A. En una muestra de 72 niños entre 8 y 14 años, se evaluó la fiabilidad test-retest del cuestionario PAQ-C en 3 mediciones, antes de la clase de educación física (M1), 2 horas después (M2) y al cabo de una semana (M3). La fiabilidad se calculó mediante el coeficiente de correlación intraclase (ICC) y la consistencia interna mediante el Coeficiente ? de Cronbach.

Resultados: Los valores obtenidos en la puntuación total del cuestionario reflejan un ICC superior a 0.73 en todas las comparaciones, con un intervalo de confianza al 95% que sigue indicando una fiabilidad buena o excelente. La consistencia interna mostró un coeficiente de ? = 0,83.

PALABRAS CLAVE: Cuestionario, Actividad Física, Fiabilidad, Niños, Adolescentes

 

ABSTRACT

Background: The aim of this study was to assess the reliability of the PAQ-C questionnaire in spanish older children (PAQ-C).

Methods: A proof translation in Spanish of the physical activity questionnaire for teenager PAQ-A, was used as reference. Reliability of the test-retest questionnaire PAQ-C, was evaluated on 72 children aged between 8 and 14 years. Measurements were taken at three different stages: before the physical education class (M1), 2 hours after the lecture (M2) and one week later (M3). Reliability was calculated using the intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) while the inner consistency by Cronbach's ?coefficient.

Results: The results obtained in the overall score of the questionnaire reflect an intraclass coefficient (ICC) higher than 0,73 in every possible comparison giving a confidence interval of 95% which still indicates a good or very good reliability. The inner consistency showed a coefficient of ? = 0,83.

KEY WORDS: Questionnaire, Physical Activity, Reliability, Older children, Adolescents

Citas

Booth ML, Okely AD, Chey T, Bauman A. The reliability and validity of the physical activity questions in the WHO health behaviour in schoolchildren (HBSC) survey: A population study. Br J Sports Med. 2001;35(4):263-267.

Kodama S, Saito K, Tanaka S, et al. Cardiorespiratory fitness as a quantitative predictor of all-cause mortality and cardiovascular events in healthy men and women: A meta-analysis. JAMA. 2009;301(19):2024-2035. doi: 10.1001/jama.2009.681; 10.1001/jama.2009.681.

Piepoli MF, Conraads V, Corra U, et al. Exercise training in heart failure: From theory to practice. A consensus document of the heart failure association and the european association for cardiovascular prevention and rehabilitation. Eur J Heart Fail. 2011;13(4):347-357. doi: 10.1093/eurjhf/hfr017; 10.1093/eurjhf/hfr017.

Muir JM, Ye C, Bhandari M, Adachi JD, Thabane L. The effect of regular physical activity on bone mineral density in post-menopausal women aged 75 and over: A retrospective analysis from the canadian multicentre osteoporosis study. BMC Musculoskelet Disord. 2013;14:253-2474-14-253. doi: 10.1186/1471-2474-14-253; 10.1186/1471-2474-14-253.

Bentley J. Exercise advice could prevent obesity and heart disease in children. Nursing Children and Young People. 2013;25(6):11-11.

Rao G. Childhood obesity: Highlights of AMA expert committee recommendations. Am Fam Physician. 2008;78(1):56-63.

Agencia Española de Consumo, Seguridad Alimentaria y Nutrición. Estudio de prevalencia de la obesidad infantil: Estudio ALADINO (alimentación, actividad física, desarrollo infantil y obesidad). Rev. Pediatr Aten Primaria. 2011;13:493-495. doi: http://www.naos.aesan.msps.es/naos/investigacion/aladino/.

Warren JM, Ekelund U, Besson H, et al. Assessment of physical activity - a review of methodologies with reference to epidemiological research: A report of the exercise physiology section of the european association of cardiovascular prevention and rehabilitation. Eur J Cardiovasc Prev Rehabil. 2010;17(2):127-139. doi: 10.1097/HJR.0b013e32832ed875; 10.1097/HJR.0b013e32832ed875.

Craig CL, Marshall AL, Sjostrom M, et al. International physical activity questionnaire: 12-country reliability and validity. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2003;35(8):1381-1395. doi: 10.1249/01.MSS.0000078924.61453.FB.

Helmerhorst HJ, Brage S, Warren J, Besson H, Ekelund U. A systematic review of reliability and objective criterion-related validity of physical activity questionnaires. Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act. 2012;9:103-5868-9-103. doi: 10.1186/1479-5868-9-103; 10.1186/1479-5868-9-103.

Martinez-Gomez D, Martinez-de-Haro V, Pozo T, et al. Reliability and validity of the PAQ-A questionnaire to assess physical activity in spanish adolescents. Rev Esp Salud Publica. 2009;83(3):427-439.

Kim Y, Park I, Kang M. Convergent validity of the international physical activity questionnaire (IPAQ): Meta-analysis. Public Health Nutr. 2013;16(3):440-452. doi: 10.1017/S1368980012002996; 10.1017/S1368980012002996.

Kowalski KC, Crocker PR, Faulkner RA. Validation sf the physical activity questionnaire for older children. Pediatric exercise science. 1997;9:174-186.

Crocker PR, Bailey DA, Faulkner RA, Kowalski KC, McGrath R. Measuring general levels of physical activity: Preliminary evidence for the physical activity questionnaire for older children. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 1997;29(10):1344-1349.

World Medical Association. World Medical Association Declaration of Helsinki.World Medical Association. 2008.

Zou GY. Sample size formulas for estimating intraclass correlation coefficients with precision and assurance. Stat Med. 2012;31(29):3972-3981. doi: 10.1002/sim.5466; 10.1002/sim.5466.

Guedes DP, Lopes CC, Guedes J. Reprodutibilidade e validade do questionário internacional de atividade física em adolescentes. Rev Bras Med Esporte. 2005;11(2):151-158.

Fleiss JL, Levin BA, Paik MC. Statistical methods for rates and proportions. 3rd ed. Hoboken, N.J.: J. Wiley; 2003:760.

Moore JB, Hanes JC,Jr, Barbeau P, Gutin B, Trevino RP, Yin Z. Validation of the physical activity questionnaire for older children in children of different races. Pediatr Exerc Sci. 2007;19(1):6-19.