Comparación de un entrenamiento propioceptivo sobre base estable y base inestable / Comparison of a Proprioceptive Training Program on Stable Base and Unstable Base

J.A. Gonzalez-Jurado, S. Romero Boza, M.A. Campos Vázquez, F.J. Toscano Bendala, F.M. Otero-Saborido

Resumen


El objetivo de este estudio fue comparar dos programas de entrenamiento propioceptivo sobre base estable (G1) y base inestable (G2). Durante 5 semanas, 18 jugadores de fútbol profesional se sometieron a un programa de entrenamiento propioceptivo, 9 formaron el G1 y 9 G2. Se aplicó el Standard Excursion Balance Test (Test de Estrella) antes y después de la intervención. Los resultados intragrupo mostraron diferencias significativas en las variables ANT.IZDO; ANTLAT.IZDO; POST.D y ANTMED.D (p<0,005) para el G1 y ANT.D; ANT.IZDO; POSTMED.D; POSTMED.IZDO Y MED.D (p <0,005) para el G2. No se hallaron evidencias significativas entre el entrenamiento en base estable y base inestable para la mejora del equilibrio y la estabilidad.

PALABRAS CLAVE: Equilibrio, Ejercicio, Prevención de lesiones, Propiocepción.

 

ABSTRACT

The aim is to compare two proprioceptive training programs on a stable (G1) and an unstable (G2) base in terms of balance and stability. During a 5 week period, 18 professional football players underwent a proprioceptive training program, 9 in G1 and the other 9 in G2.  The Standard Excursion Balance Test was applied before and after the intervention program. Significant intragroup differences were found in the variables LEFT FRONT, ANTEROLATERAL LEFT (ANTLAT.LEFT), BACK RIGHT and ANTEROMEDIAL RIGHT (ANTMED.RIGHT) (p<0,005) for the G1, and FRONT RIGHT, FRONT LEFT, POSTMED.RIGHT, POSTMED.LEFT and MED.RIGHT (p <0,005) for G2. We conclude that there are no significant differences between the unstable base training and training stable base regarding improvement in balance and stability.

KEY WORDS: Balance, Exercise, Injury Prevention, Proprioception.


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Referencias


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15366/rimcafd2016.64.001

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