Núm. 62 (2016)
Área 6. FISIOLOGÍA DEL EJERCICIO / EXERCISE PHYSIOLOGY

RPE y velocidad como marcadores de intensidad en el press de banca / RPE and Velocity How Intensity Markers of Bench Press Exercise

Publicado junio 16, 2016

Resumen

El propósito de esta investigación fue analizar la relación entre la evolución de la velocidad media (Velmedia) y los valores de la escala OMNI-RES, en 3 intensidades (carga Inicial [CI], máxima potencia [MP] y repetición máxima [RM]). 38 sujetos divididos en dos grupos: Entrenados (G1, n = 19) y No Entrenados (G2, n = 19) realizaron un test incremental de cargas en el ejercicio del press de banca. En la percepción subjetiva del esfuerzo (RPE) no se encontraron diferencias significativas entre ambos grupos. El análisis de la  Velmedia mostró diferencias significativas tanto en la MP como en la RM. La OMNI-RES es un buen método para cuantificar la intensidad en el ejercicio del press de banca, aunque sería aconsejable acompañar este valor con otra medida de intensidad como la Velmedia. De esta forma, se podría ajustar mejor la intensidad real realizada en las diferentes series de entrenamiento.

PALABRAS CLAVE: velocidad de ejecución, percepción subjetiva, protocolo incremental, entrenamiento de fuerza, tren superior

 

ABSTRACT

 

The propuse of this study was to (a) analyse the rating of perceived exertion (RPE) in trained and untrained subjects in a bench press incremental protocol in three different intensities (Initial load [IL], maximun power [MP] and one repetition maximun [RM]) and (b) to analyse corresponding mean velocity (Velmean) and OMNI-RES values. A total of 38 subjects were differenciated in two groups: Trained Group (G1, n = 19) and Untrained Group (G2, n = 19). No significant differences were found between groups in RPE variable. The analysis of Velmean showed significant differences in the MP and RM intensities. These findings suggest that the OMNI-RES scale is a valid measure of exercise intensity for the bench press. It is advised that this is accompanied with another measure of intensity such as Velmean to allow for optimal adjustment of intensity during different training sets.

KEY WORDS: execution velocity, perceived exertion, incremental protocol, resistance training, upper body.

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