Núm. 61 (2016)
Área 7. HISTORIA DEL DEPORTE / HISTORY OF SPORT

Cultura de paso de la amada, creadora del ‘juego de pelota’ mesoamericano / Culture of paso de la amada, creator of ‘mesoamerican ballgame’

Publicado febrero 29, 2016

Resumen

Se realiza una revisión sobre el origen del juego de pelota mesoamericano en el preclásico temprano (ca.1.700-1.000 a.C.). Por la antigüedad propuesta para sus vestigios sobre el juego de pelota, son candidatos a ser los ‘creadores del juego’ las culturas de Paso de la Amada, los pre-olmecas de San Lorenzo y El Opeño. Los vestigios referidos son fundamentalmente, la cancha de Paso de la Amada, las pelotas de hule de Manatí y las figurillas de El Opeño.

Se concluye que la gran cancha de Paso de la Amada, la mayor construcción de Mesoamérica de su tiempo, aparece como el vestigio más antiguo del juego, y se le relaciona con la aparición de la primera sociedad no igualitaria en Mesoamérica. Se sugiere que los pobladores de Paso de la Amada, hacia 1650 a.C.,  fueron los creadores del juego y no los olmecas como generalmente se ha defendido.

PALABRAS CLAVE: Juego de pelota mesoamericano, preclásico temprano, cancha de Paso de la Amada, olmecas de San Lorenzo, figurillas de El Opeño

 

ABSTRACT

We study here the origin of the Mesoamerican ballgame during the early formative period (ca. 1700 B.C.). We select as candidates for the creators of the Mesoamerican ballgame the cultures of Paso de la Amada, pre-Olmec at San Lorenzo, and El Opeño, as they have the oldest vestiges of the ballgame. These vestiges are, to be exact, a ball court at Paso de la Amada, some rubber balls at Manati, and ceramic figurines at El Opeño.

We conclude that the great ball court at Paso de la Amada, the biggest building of Mesoamerica at that time, appears as the oldest vestige of the game and it is in relation with the emergence of ranked societies in Mesoamerica. We suggest that the people of Paso de la Amada, around 1650 BC, were the creators of the game, and not the Olmecs, as generally defended.

KEY WORDS: Mesoamerican ballgame, Early Preclassic, Paso de la Amada ballcourt, Olmecs from San Lorenzo, El Opeño figurines

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