Núm. 60 (2015)
Área 17. OTRAS (Epidemiología de la actividad física) / OTHERS (Physical activity epidemiology)

Inactividad física y factores asociados en personas mayores en brasil / Physical Inactivity and Associated Factors in Elderly People in Brazil. pp. 773-784

Publicado diciembre 17, 2015

Resumen

El objetivo fue analizar los factores asociados a la inactividad física en personas mayores en Brasil. Se utilizó un diseño transversal, con una muestra representativa de 909 sujetos de 60 años o más. Fueron clasificados como físicamente inactivos los individuos con menos de 150 minutos de actividad física semanal. La identificación de los factores sociodemográficos, aspectos comportamentales y de salud asociados con la inactividad física se realizó con un análisis multivariante a través de una regresión de Poisson.

Los resultados sugieren una prevalencia del 39,1% para la inactividad física. La inactividad física presenta una mayor prevalente con o el incremento de la edad, la falta de práctica de actividad física regular en el pasado, los síntomas de depresión y la discapacidad en las Actividades Instrumentales de la Vida Diaria.

El aumento de la edad, la falta de práctica regular de actividad física en el pasado, los síntomas depresivos y la discapacidad en las Actividades Instrumentales de la Vida Diaria se evidencian como factores asociados a la inactividad física.

PALABRAS CLAVE: actividad física, salud, personas mayores, Brasil.

 

ABSTRACT

The aim was to analyse factors associated with physical inactivity in elderly Brazilians. The study was carried out by using a cross-sectional design and it comprised a representative sample of 909 subjects. Physical inactivity was defined as fewer than 150 minutes per week. In order to identify socio-demographic factors and behavioural and health aspects, which may be associated with physical inactivity, we carried out a multivariate analysis through the Poisson regression.

Results suggest that physical inactivity has a prevalence of 39.1%. Physical inactivity presents a higher prevalence with an increase in age, a lack of regular physical activity practice in the past, depressive symptoms and disability in the instrumental activities of daily living.

An increase in age, a lack of regular physical activity practice in the past, depressive symptoms and disability in the instrumental activities of daily living are shown as causes of physical inactivity.

KEY WORDS: physical activity, health, elderly, Brazil.

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