Vol. 22 Núm. 88 (2022): Revista Internacional de Medicina y Ciencias de la Actividad Física y el Deporte
Área 17. OTRAS (Salvamento y Socorrismo)

Análisis del riesgo de ahogamiento asociado al entorno acuático y competencia natatoria

D. Szpilman
Sociedad Brasileña de Socorrismo (Brasil)
Biografía
A.M. Gaino Pinheiro
Academia Gustavo Borges Swimming Methodology (Brasil)
S. Madormo
Instituto Nacional de Natación Infantil INATI (Brasil)
Biografía
J. Palacios-Aguilar
Universidade da Coruña (España)
Biografía
M. Otero-Agra
Universidade de Vigo, Pontevedra (España)
Biografía
J. Blitvich
School of Health Sciences and Psychology at Federation University Australia (Australia).
Biografía
R. Barcala-Furelos
Universidade de Vigo, Pontevedra (España)
Biografía
Publicado diciembre 10, 2022

Palabras clave:

habilidad natatoria, ahogamiento, análisis de riesgo, seguridad acuática, estrés/distrés acuático
Cómo citar
Szpilman, D., Gaino Pinheiro, A., Madormo, S., Palacios-Aguilar, J., Otero-Agra, M., Blitvich, J., & Barcala-Furelos, R. (2022). Análisis del riesgo de ahogamiento asociado al entorno acuático y competencia natatoria. Revista Internacional De Medicina Y Ciencias De La Actividad Física Y Del Deporte, 22(88), 917–932. https://doi.org/10.15366/rimcafd2022.88.012

Resumen

Un alto nivel de natación puede ser un factor protector ante el ahogamiento, sin embargo, esta relación todavía no ha sido empíricamente demostrada, en base al nivel de habilidad y entorno acuático. Este estudio diseñó una matriz de riesgo de ahogamiento en base al análisis probabilístico de un cuestionario respondido por 3.181 participantes. Se analizó la ocurrencia de Estrés/Distrés acuático (EDA) en base a 5 niveles de competencia y tres entornos acuáticos: a) Piscina sin olas ni corrientes, b) Lagos, embalses, ríos y playas sin olas ni corrientes, c) Ríos, playas o piscinas con olas y/o corrientes. Los resultados se expresaron en Odds Ratio (OR). El riesgo de EDA superó el OR de 25 en el entorno más peligroso y se incrementó para todos los escenarios conforme la competencia acuática era peor. Tres de cada cuatro nadadores han sufrido EDA y este evento pudo ser un incentivo para mejorar sus competencias acuáticas.

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