Vol. 22 Núm. 86 (2022): Revista Internacional de Medicina y Ciencias de la Actividad Física y el Deporte
Área 6. FISIOLOGÍA DEL EJERCICIO

CORRELACIÓN ENTRE ECO-INTENSIDAD MUSCULAR Y SALTO VERTICAL EN ESCOLARES

J. Giraldo-García
Politécnico Colombiano Jaime Isaza Cadavid de Medellín (Colombia)
Biografía
D. Cardona
Politécnico Colombiano Jaime Isaza Cadavid de Medellín (Colombia)
Biografía
E. Hernández-Hernández
Universidad Pablo de Olavide de Sevilla (España)
Biografía
Publicado junio 15, 2022

Palabras clave:

Desarrollo muscular, Niños, Músculo cuádriceps, Ultrasonografía
Cómo citar
Giraldo-García, J., Cardona, D., & Hernández-Hernández, E. (2022). CORRELACIÓN ENTRE ECO-INTENSIDAD MUSCULAR Y SALTO VERTICAL EN ESCOLARES. Revista Internacional De Medicina Y Ciencias De La Actividad Física Y Del Deporte, 22(86), 319–334. https://doi.org/10.15366/rimcafd2022.86.008

Resumen

Objetivo: analizar las correlaciones entre la eco-intensidad (EI) del músculo cuádriceps medido por ecografía cuantitativa, y el salto vertical en niños en edad escolar. Metodología: Se realizó un estudio transversal, comparativo y no aleatorio. Se utilizó una muestra intencional compuesta por 184 niños escolares, entre 7 y 10 años. Imágenes transversales fueron obtenidas del cuádriceps femoral derecho por ecografía para determinar la eco-intensidad del recto femoral o anterior, vasto intermedio o crural y vasto lateral o externo. La fuerza explosiva fue medida mediante las pruebas de Salto con contra-movimiento (CMJ) y saltos repetidos por quince segundos (RJ15). Resultados: La EI de los componentes evaluados del cuádriceps se correlacionan significativamente con las mediciones derivadas del salto vertical tipo CMJ y RJ15 en niños y niñas entre 7 y 10 años (PP15R vs Dif 1C, Dif 2C, Dif 3C, r= 0,53-0,59).

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