Vol. 22 Núm. 85 (2022):
Área 17. OTRAS (Actividad Física y Salud)

Fuerza, velocidad de marcha y tiempo de reacción en adultos mayores activos

M.R. Al Nayf Mantas
Universidad Pontificia de Salamanca (España)
J. Párraga-Montilla
Universidad de Jaén (España)
E. Lozano-Aguilera
Universidad de Jaén (España)
S. López-García
Universidad Pontificia de Salamanca (España)
J.E. Moral-García
Universidad Pontificia de Salamanca (España)
Publicado marzo 16, 2022

Palabras clave:

Actividad física, Nivel de condición física, Habilidades perceptivas, Programa, Envejecimiento
Cómo citar
Al Nayf Mantas, M., Párraga-Montilla, J., Lozano-Aguilera, E., López-García, S., & Moral-García, J. (2022). Fuerza, velocidad de marcha y tiempo de reacción en adultos mayores activos. Revista Internacional De Medicina Y Ciencias De La Actividad Física Y Del Deporte, 22(85), 153–167. https://doi.org/10.15366/rimcafd2022.85.010


El envejecimiento implica pérdida de funcionalidad, existiendo una asociación entre mayores niveles de fuerza, de velocidad de marcha y de tiempo de reacción con un buen estado de salud. El objetivo es analizar el nivel de capacidades físicas y perceptivas de los participantes en un programa de actividad física. Participaron 170 adultos mayores (93 mujeres), de 65±6,8 años. La fuerza se midió con el press de banca, test de la silla y la prensión manual. La velocidad de la marcha en 8 y 30 m se midió con células fotoeléctricas y el tiempo de reacción con sistema optogait. Los resultados muestran un buen nivel de condición física, siendo los más mayores más lentos y con peor reacción a un estímulo. La fuerza disminuye al avanzar la edad, pero puede mantenerse en óptimos niveles con la práctica regular de actividad física.


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