Vol. 21 Núm. 84 (2021):

Efecto de un ejercicio de fuerza de alta intensidad sobre el rendimiento cognitivo

J.L. Bermejo
Universidad de Valencia
A: Marco-Ahulló
Universidad Católica de Valencia
B. Ribeiro do Couto
Universidad de Murcia
G. Monfort-Torres
Unidad de Educación de Florida Universitaria
A. Pardo
Universidad de Valencia
Publicado diciembre 15, 2021

Palabras clave:

Fuerza, estrés, cortisol, rendimiento cognitivo, sentadilla
Cómo citar
Bermejo, J., Marco-Ahulló, A., Ribeiro do Couto, B., Monfort-Torres, G., & Pardo, A. (2021). Efecto de un ejercicio de fuerza de alta intensidad sobre el rendimiento cognitivo. Revista Internacional De Medicina Y Ciencias De La Actividad Física Y Del Deporte, 21(84), 653–665. https://doi.org/10.15366/rimcafd2021.84.002


OBJETIVO. El objetivo principal de este estudio fue dilucidar los efectos de un ejercicio de fuerza de alta intensidad hasta el fallo en las respuestas conductuales y fisiológicas. El segundo objetivo fue evaluar el efecto del desempeño de las tareas cognitivas sobre los niveles de cortisol. MÉTODOS? Catorce sujetos activos completaron un ejercicio de estrés físico compuesto de 6 series de sentadillas hasta el fallo. El cortisol salival y las funciones cognitivas se evaluaron de forma contrabalanceada antes y después del ejercicio. RESULTADOS: Se mostraron niveles de cortisol más bajos antes del ejercicio y más altos antes de la tarea cognitiva (p<0.05). CONCLUSIONES: El estrés inducido por el ejercicio tuvo un efecto perjudicial en la atención. Además, los efectos del estrés en el rendimiento cognitivo parecen depender del tiempo transcurrido entre el cese del ejercicio y la evaluación de estos, pero no del tipo de ejercicio de alta intensidad realizado.


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