Núm. 58 (2015)

Aspectos ergonutricionales e interacciones fármaco-alimentarias en el alpinismo / Nutritional Ergogenics Aspects And Drug-Food Interactions In Mountaineering. pp. 387-404

Publicado octubre 1, 2015



Entre los principales factores limitantes del rendimiento en el alpinismo destacan el agotamiento de los depósitos de glucógeno muscular y catabolismo proteico elevado, desequilibrio hidroelectrolítico y Mal Agudo de Montaña (MAM). Ante esta situación de gran estrés que se vive en las altitudes elevadas y en estancias superiores a las 3 semanas, se hace imprescindible una óptima alimentación. Aún así, en ocasiones el MAM en los alpinistas es inevitable y en estos casos se hace uso de fármacos para afrontar dicha situación, que si no se realiza bajo un control riguroso, la suplementación puede poner en peligro la salud del alpinista por las posibles interacciones que se dan con los alimentos o ayudas ergonutricionales ingeridas.

PALABRAS CLAVE: alpinismo, nutrición, ayudas ergonutricionales, fármacos, interacciones.


The main factors limiting climbing performance are the following: muscle glycogen depletion, increased protein catabolism, fluid and electrolyte imbalance and acute mountain sickness (AMS). In this situation of high stress at high altitudes and at stances longer than 3 weeks, the diet it is essential. In the case of AMS, it is also essential the use of drugs, if it is not used in proper conditions, such supplementation could endanger the health of the mountaineer because of the possible interactions with the food and the nutritional ergogenics aids.

KEY WORDS: mountaineering, nutrition, nutritional ergogenics sports, drugs, interactions.


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