Dando a luz a la nación: la matria palestina // Bearing the nation: Palestinian motherland

Clarisa Danae Fonseca Azuara

Resumen


Resumen

Este artículo analiza la feminización de la nación palestina partiendo del marco teórico elaborado por Nira Yuval-Davis y Floya Anthias en su obra Woman, Nation, State (1989), donde identifican las vías por las que las mujeres participan en los procesos de construcción de la nación. Se va a prestar especial atención a la mujer como participante en las contiendas nacionales y como símbolo de identidad.

No obstante, dentro del análisis de la participación de las mujeres palestinas en las contiendas nacionales se incluye también su papel como reproductoras biológicas y culturales de la nación ya que dar a luz, en el contexto palestino equivale a la participación en combate. A partir de la participación de las mujeres en tanto que agentes activas de la resistencia y símbolos, el presente estudio propone el término “matria” como una forma de narrar el nacionalismo palestino. En contraposición a patria, matria denominaría un espacio en términos femeninos donde las mujeres son las actrices principales en la construcción de la nación.

El presente artículo explora la construcción nacional de la matria palestina con un enfoque de género que visibiliza a las mujeres palestinas. La conclusión central es que hay una superposición en la importancia del papel de las mujeres como agentes activas en la construcción de la nación y como símbolo de la nación feminizada, por lo que se puede afirmar que Palestina es una matria.

Palabras Clave: Palestina, nacionalismo, mujeres.

 

Abstract

The article analyzes the Palestinian nation and its process of feminization based on the theoretical framework elaborated by Nira Yuval-Davis and Floya Anthias on “Woman, Nation, State” (1989) that locates different ways of women’s participation on the national process.  The study will focus on women as active agents on the nation building process and as symbols of identity. Their role as biological and cultural reproducers of the nation will be included as a form of participation in the national struggle, since giving birth in the Palestinian context is considered equivalent to participation in combat. Present study proposes the term matria (motherland) as a way of narrating Palestinian nationalism. In contrast to patria (fatherland), matria is a feminine space where women are the main actresses in the construction of the nation. This article explores the national construction of the Palestinian matria and concludes that there is an overlap in the importance of the role of women as active agents in the construction of the nation and as symbols of the feminized nation, therefore Palestine is a motherland not a fatherland.

Key Words: Palestine, nationalism, women.


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Journal of Feminist, Gender and Women Studies

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