Núm. 40 (2019): Diálogos con Francisco Javier Peñas Esteban: interrogando a las Teorías de Relaciones internacionales
Artículos

Llevando la Economía al realismo estructural: diferenciación y diálogo de asimetrías entre estructuras políticas y económicas en la estratificación de las jerarquías internacionales

Lucas DE OLIVEIRA PAES
University of Cambridge
Biografía
Número 40
Publicado febrero 18, 2019

Palabras clave:

Teoría de Relaciones Internacionales, realismo estructural, teoría de la diferenciación, Kenneth Waltz, economía política internacional, International Relations theory, structural realism, theory of differentiation, International Political
Cómo citar
DE OLIVEIRA PAES, L. (2019). Llevando la Economía al realismo estructural: diferenciación y diálogo de asimetrías entre estructuras políticas y económicas en la estratificación de las jerarquías internacionales. Relaciones Internacionales, (40), 89-111. https://doi.org/10.15366/relacionesinternacionales2019.40.004

Resumen

El presente trabajo pretende comprender el proceso de estratificación material de las jerarquías internacionales a través de la dinámica de socialización, que interrelaciona las estructuras políticas y económicas de diferenciación en las relaciones interestatales. El estudio del nexo entre la política y la economía no es novedoso en las Relaciones Internacionales. Sin embargo, la literatura teórica de la disciplina carece de una comprensión de las estructuras políticas y económicas de modo independiente, sin reducir unas a las otras. Para completar esta laguna, este artículo reinterpreta el realismo estructural a la luz del reciente debate sobre la concepción sociológica de las estructuras como subsistemas de diferenciación entre actores de un determinado sistema social. El marco conceptual de la teoría de la diferenciación estructural es utilizado como lenguaje para entender y caracterizar la socialización configurada entre estructuras asimétricas, tales como las de naturaleza política y económica. Así, se discuten los nexos que emergen de las transacciones sociales internacionales de naturaleza política y económica considerando su papel en la constitución del sistema de estados contemporáneo y sus efectos estructurantes sobre el sistema internacional.

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