Núm. 30 (2015): Diez años de Relaciones Internacionales
Artículos

Convirtiéndose en virtual…. Viviendo entre ruinas. Hacia una crítica del humanitarismo digital

Mark DUFFIELD
Profesor Emérito y y antiguo director del Global Insecurities Centre de la Universidad de Bristol en el Reino Unido.
Publicado noviembre 1, 2015

Palabras clave:

humanitarismo digital, resiliencia, gobernanza de la seguridad, infraestructuras críticas, gestión a distancia
Cómo citar
DUFFIELD, M. (2015). Convirtiéndose en virtual…. Viviendo entre ruinas. Hacia una crítica del humanitarismo digital. Relaciones Internacionales, (30), 73-95. Recuperado a partir de https://revistas.uam.es/relacionesinternacionales/article/view/5288

Resumen

Utilizando la gestión de desastre humanitario como ejemplo, este artículo analiza con una mirada crítica algunos cambios recientes que se han producido en la naturaleza de la gobernanza de la seguridad. Sobre todo, la desaparición de la participación directa en favor del desarrollo de técnicas de detección y gestión a distancia. La rápida evolución de las tecnologías de la información y el análisis de datos para la gestión de los desastres ha proporcionado un medio para conseguir esta distancia de forma digital. A pesar de la arrogancia y las reivindicaciones positivas que rodean este cambio, el artículo argumentará que tales formas de gestión tienen consecuencias preocupantes. Por ejemplo, la creciente dependencia de la detección y la gestión a distancia son una parte esencial del creciente dominio de la idea de la resiliencia. Ya no buscamos controlar o protegernos de los desastres. Ahora, el objetivo es adaptarse a ellos. A través de ejemplos extraídos de los programas de transferencia de dinero o el reciente plan de Google y Facebook de conectar a la red a las poblaciones del Sur global donde el acceso es complicado, el documento concluye con un argumento crítico que defiende que esta nueva tecnología tiene la capacidad de perpetuar la desigualdad en lugar de promover la libertad o el desarrollo.

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