Vol. 18 Núm. 4 (2020): Segregación escolar
Artículos

Modos de Agrupación de Estudiantes, Segregación y Desigualdades Educativas. Un Análisis Longitudinal de una Cohorte de Estudiantes en Suiza

Samuel Charmillot
Biografía
Georges Felouzis
Biografía
Portada del Volumen 18, número 4 de la revista REICE
Publicado septiembre 21, 2020

Palabras clave:

Sistema escolar segmentado, Sistema escolar integrado, Desigualdades escolares, Segregación escolar, Políticas educativas
Cómo citar
Charmillot, S., & Felouzis, G. (2020). Modos de Agrupación de Estudiantes, Segregación y Desigualdades Educativas. Un Análisis Longitudinal de una Cohorte de Estudiantes en Suiza. REICE. Revista Iberoamericana Sobre Calidad, Eficacia Y Cambio En Educación, 18(4), 31-56. https://doi.org/10.15366/reice2020.18.4.002

Resumen

El sistema educativo en Ginebra, Suiza, ofrece dos modos organizativos para agrupar a los estudiantes de educación secundaria 1. Los estudiantes pertenecen a escuelas que tienen un sistema segmentado (se agrupan en dos corrientes según su nivel académico) o un sistema más integrado, con clases heterogéneas compuestas por grupos de habilidades para algunas materias. Utilizando datos longitudinales, este artículo examina el impacto de estos dos modos de agrupar a los estudiantes en la educación secundaria 2. Los resultados del análisis de regresión logística multinivel muestran que los estudiantes que asisten al sistema segmentado tienen menos probabilidades de estar orientados hacia una escuela de bachillerato, el camino más selectivo de la educación secundaria 2. También muestran que los efectos de la segregación dentro de la escuela contribuyen a reforzar las desigualdades entre los estudiantes: la probabilidad de asistir a una escuela de bachillerato es mucho menor en las clases con un alto porcentaje de estudiantes de origen desfavorecido. Finalmente, muestran que los efectos negativos de la segregación escolar tienden a ser más fuertes en el sistema segmentado.

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