Núm. 1 (2020)
Artículos

Hacia una teoría africana de la guerra justa

LAWRENCE OGBO UGWUANYI
University of Abuja
Publicado diciembre 30, 2020

Palabras clave:

África, guerra justa, teoría, principios, valores, armonía
Cómo citar
UGWUANYI, L. O. (2020). Hacia una teoría africana de la guerra justa. Revista De Estudios Africanos, (1), 51–65. https://doi.org/10.15366/reauam2020.1.003

Resumen

Desde 1957, cuando accedió el primer país africano a la independencia, hasta la fecha, África ha librado más de cien guerras. Estas guerras que han sido tanto interestatales como intraestatales, a veces llamadas guerras civiles, suscitan preguntas filosóficas sobre el significado y la noción de guerra en el esquema de pensamiento africano. ¿Fueron estas guerras justas o no dentro de una concepción africana de la guerra, esto es, según los medios, la manera y el método de librar la guerra dentro de la experiencia africana? Si la idea de la guerra justa se concibiera en el marco de la cosmovisión africana, ¿qué principios la definirían? ¿Qué valores alternativos y nuevos sugeriría la teoría? Este artículo se propone abordar estas cuestiones. Para ello, intentará articular una teoría africana de la guerra justa trazando un mapa de cómo sería si estuviera informada por las normas, los valores y los microprincipios que caracterizan la investigación filosófica en un contexto africano indígena. El trabajo se basará en narrativas sobre guerras que se han librado en la sociedad africana tradicional, así como en textos orales en apoyo de nuestra tesis, a saber, que una guerra justa en el pensamiento africano es una guerra librada para proteger la armonía corporativa de un pueblo que está vinculado y unido a través de la tierra, los recursos, así como otros símbolos y tradiciones que lo hacen distinto.

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