ANJTAUY: NOTAS SOBRE SU NATURALEZA Y LOCALIZACIÓN ENTRE EL REINO ANTIGUO Y EL REINO NUEVO

Francisco L. Borrego Gallardo

Resumen


Los paisajes constituyen a nivel geográfico y cognitivo realidades dinámicas y cambiantes que deben estudiarse en detalle en sus aspectos sincrónicos y diacrónicos para la correcta comprensión de   su papel en las sociedades humanas. En este artículo se presenta un estudio de caso acerca del topónimo Anjtauy (anx-tAwj), la “Vida de las Dos Tierras”, localizado en la región menfita desde el Tercer Milenio a.C. Aunando fuentes escritas, arqueológicas, geomorfológicas y paleoambientales se ha efectuado un análisis que considera los escasos y poco detallados estudios previos, la topografía asociada con el topónimo, sus grafías y posibles significados y sus divinidades asociadas, junto  con nuevas evidencias arqueológicas, geomorfológicas y paleoambientales. Merced a ello se puede plantear la hipótesis de que en un primer momento Anjtauy no designaba (parte de) la ciudad de Menfis o su necrópolis, sino el Wadi Abusir, para solamente más tarde designar el área necropolitana y cultual del desierto de Saqqara Norte.


Palabras clave


Anjtauy; toponimia egipcia antigua; topónimos; Bastet; Menfis; Saqqara; Abusir; Wadi Abusir; wadi

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15366/isimu2017-2018.20-21.020

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