Una sociología histórica global de la construcción del estado racionalizado en la modernidad internacional | A global historical sociology of the construction of the rationalized state in international modernity

Angel Manuel AHEDO SANTISTEBAN

Resumen


El estado es una institución clave en la modernidad internacional. Desde sus orígenes al estado se le ha supuesto y reconocido una capacidad racional y funcional. Este estatus racional del estado ha sido incorporado a la realidad naturalizada en la modernidad internacional contemporánea y se ha constituido como estado racionalizado. El análisis de la construcción social del estado racionalizado se centra en la relación entre ideologías e ideas y las dinámicas de las estructuras sociales. El análisis se organiza en un doble eje. Primero, el eje interior y exterior de los estados en la historia occidental: se distingue entre la dimensión interior respecto al orden social interno y la dimensión exterior en la relación con otros estados y sociedades. Segundo, el eje occidente y no-occidente: el enfoque global aspira a superar el etnocentrismo occidental, y reconoce que el mundo no-occidental ha sido es una referencia clave para la construcción del estado racionalizado. Se concluye que: primero, el estado racionalizado ha sido una construcción histórica, social y cultural liderada por los países europeos y occidentales en relación a y con la realidad no-occidental; y en segundo lugar, que el estado racionalizado es un factor clave en la creciente multipolaridad en las relaciones internacionales.

 

The state is a key institution in international modernity. Since its origins it has been ascribed a rational and functional capacity. This rational status of the state has been incorporated into the naturalized reality of contemporary international modernity, being constituted as a rationalized state. The social construction of the rationalized state is analysed through the relations between ideologies and ideas and social structure dynamics. The analysis is organised in two axes. First, the western interior/exterior distinction within western history of states: the interior dimension with respect to the internal social order and exterior dimension in the relations with other states and societies. Second, the western/non-western axis: a global analysis aims to overcome western ethnocentrism, and recognizes non-western world as a key reference for the western construction of the rationalized state. It is concluded that: first, the rationalized state has been a social and cultural historical construction led by western and European countries in relations with non-western realities; and second, the rationalized state has become a key factor in the growing multipolarity in international relations.


Palabras clave


Estado-nación; teorías sociales; teorías políticas; ideas; sistema internacional; nation-state; social theories; political theories; ideas; international system

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15366/relacionesinternacionales2018.37.001

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